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archaeology vocab

TermDefinition
archaeology to study what is ancient
artifact object created or produced by humans then left behind
bog wet, spongy ground with soil composed mainly of decayed vegetable matter (acidic soil)
coprolites preserved feces (poop!)
decompose to break down or rot
dendrochronology study of tree rings to date wooden remains
excavate to remove or expose by digging
locus a specific location in which artifacts are found
Mt. Vesuvius volcano located between the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, erupted in 79 A.D. and destroyed both cities
Pompeii Roman city destroyed in 79 A.D. by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
preserve to keep an item intact (uninjured) so that it will not decay
site a place or area to be excavated
stratified site place people have lived for thousands of years and built settlements, one on top of another
funerary objects objects buried with the dead
Hieroglyphics Picture- symbol writing developed in ancient Egypt
Mosaic Picture made from small pieces of rock or glass
Ostraca Broken piece of pottery on which there is writing
Papyrus 1st form of paper made from the papyrus plant in ancient Egypt
Quipus Groups of knotted strings used as an early calendar and as a way of recording events, keeping accounts, or sending messages
Rosetta Stone Archeological discovery that enabled scholars to decode hieroglyphics by comparing them to the Greek writing on the stone
Scribe A high-ranking person who wrote documents
Stylus Sharp metal writing tool used by Romans to write on wax tablets
Created by: sandholma