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Ch. 2

TermDefinition
enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society
monarch king or queen
legislature a group of people that makes laws
common law a system of law based on precedent and customs
natural rights freedoms people possess relating to life, liberty and property
social contract an agreement among people in a society with a governmnet
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
joint stock company investors provide part ownership in a company organized for profit
charter a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments or governments granting documents
compact It also refers to something small or closely grouped together, like the row of compact rental cars you see when you wanted a van.
proprietary colony were grants of land in the form of a charter, or a license to rule, for individuals or groups. They were used to settle areas rapidly with British subjects at the proprietors' expense during the costly settlement years.
religious dissenters those who followed religious faith other than the official religion of England
Puritans group of people who grew discontent with the church of England and worked towards religion
pilgrims Puritans who considered themselves on a religious journey
toleration the practice of tolerating something, in particular differences of opinion or behavior.
indentured servant workers contracted with American colonists for food and shelter in return for labor
plantation a large estate
triangular trade trade developed among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
tidewater low flat plains near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina
egalitarianism
mercantilism a country should sell more goods than it buys
boycott refusal to purchase certain goods
repeal to cancel law
delegate a representative to a meeting
independence self-reliance freedom from outside control
precedent ruling used as basis for judicial decision in later similar case
royal colony a colony as NY administered by a royal governor and council appointed
Created by: valeriegrn