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S.S Unit 1 Test

Unit Test

When and how did the first Americans reach America? 12,000 years ago (last Ice Age) (10,000 B.C) by crossing the Bering Strait Land Bridge from Asia to North America.
What is the scientific method of determining the age of an artifact? Carbon Dating
What is a society ruled by religious leaders? Theocracy
What is the government that links and unites different groups? Federation
What movement spread the idea that individual reason and logic can improve society versus being told how to reason and think according to the king? The Enlightenment Era
What is the law making legislative branch of England made up of representatives form across England? Parliament
What was someone called that protested the policies of the Catholic Church? Protestant
English Protestants that wanted to purify or reform the practices within the Church of England because bishops and priests had too much power over its members were called what? Puritans
Who were the more extreme English Protestants who wanted to completely separate from the Church of England and form their own church? Separatists
What is the name of the trade routes between England, Africa, and the Americas controlled by the East India Trading Co.? Triangular Trade Route
What is the name of the route along the Triangular Trade Route the brought Africans to the Americas to be sold into slavery? Middle Passage
What was the name of the first permanent English settlement in North America? Jamestown
What killed two-thirds of Jamestown settlers during the first year? Starvation and Disease
What group of Native Americans had a fragile relationship with Virginia Colonists? Powhattan
What type of crops did the southern colonists grow? Cash crops (tobacco)
What was the main source of labor on the first plantations? Indentured servants
What was Bacon's Rebellion? A rebellion led by Nathanial Bacon who opposed high taxes and being forced to trade with Native Americans.
List the southern colonies Virginia,North Carolina, South Carolina,Maryland, and Georgia
What bill made it a crime to restrict religious rights to Christians? Toleration Act of 1649
Why was the economy of the south based on agriculture? Because of its long growing seasons and rich soil.
List the New England Colonies New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island
What were three main exports of the New England Colonies? Ships, whale oil, and fish
Why didn't New England colonies grow cash crops? Because they had rocky soil and poor climate
What was the main reason the Puritans and the Pilgrims settled in the colonies? They were seeking religious freedom
What was they first agreement in North America to have fair laws to protect the general good through a democratic vote? The Mayflower Compact
Where did the Salem Witch Trials take place? Massachusetts
Most colonial courts reflected the beliefs of..... The local communities
List the Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware
What religious group was referred to as the " Society of Friends"? The Quakers
What Quaker founded the Pennsylvania colony? William Penn
What are staple crops? Crops in high demand because of their necessity
What is a bicameral legislature? A group of law makers split into two groups
who had the authority over the colonies? The King of England
What was the King's main reason for founding and controlling the colonies? To make money through trade
What is the system of gaining and maintaining wealth trough a system of carefully controlled trade? Mercantilism
How can a country gain wealth through trade? By having more exports than imports
What was the purpose of the Navigational Acts? To control trade in the colonies
What religious movement swept through the colonies in the 1730's and the 1740's? The Great Awakening
What was the cause of the French and Indian War? Land disputes around the Ohio River Valley
Who won the French and Indian War? The British
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763? To ban British settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains
What natural boundary formed the western border of the colonies after 1763 The Appalachian Mountains
Why did England begin increasing taxes on the colonists after the French and Indian War? Those in England voted to tax the colonists to pay the war debt. Colonists didn't have representation.
What act placed duties on sugar and molasses? The Sugar Act of 1764
What act placed a high tax on all paper goods? The Stamp Act
Who were the Sons of Liberty? A group of colonists leading protests against Britain
What act placed taxes on tea, glass, lead, paint, and other imports and allowed tax collectors to search ships for smuggled goods? The Townshend Acts
What Revolutionary War leader helped organize the Boston Tea Party? Samuel Adams
When British soldiers fired into a crowd of angry colonists killing five men, the incident became known as what? The Boston Massacre
What laws passed by Parliament were designed to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party? Coercive Acts (The Intolerable Acts)
What did the Intolerable Acts eventually lead to? Thomas Jefferson writing the Declaration of Independance
What was the main reason colonists were angry about the taxes Britain kept imposing upon them? Taxation without Representation
Who wrote "Common Sense"? Thomas Paine
In what battles did the British seize stock-piled weapons from the colonists? The Battles of Lexington and Concord
Those loyal to the King of England were called what? Loyalists
What did the colonists send to the King of England to try to prevent war? The Olive Branch Petition
What were the British advantages during the American Revolution? Stronger Navy, well-trained army, and wealth
What colonists was chosen to be commander of the Continental Army? George Washington
What captured colonists is famous for saying, " I only regret that i have but one life to lose for my country." before he was hung? Nathan Hale
What was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point in the war? The colonial victory led to France to Spain declaring war on Britain
What Frenchman had British General Cornwallis pinned down a Yorktown? Lafayette
What Treaty ended the American Revolution? Treaty of Paris, 1783
On what day do we celebrate the winning of our independence? July 4th
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