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Road to Revolution

Early colonies through the Declaration of Independence

What was the first permanent English colony in North America? Jamestown
Which region of the American colonies was considered the breadbasket of the colonies? The Middle Colonies
Fishing and whaling was the primary industry of which region of the colonies? New England Colonies
Which region of the colonies grew cash crops on big plantations? Southern Colonies
Which region of the colonies was the most ethnically diverse? The Middle Colonies
What cash crops were grown in the South using slave labor? Tobacco and cotton
The French and Indian War was fought in North America between what 2 European countries? England (Great Britain) and France
Why was the French and Indian War fought? To control land and trade in North America
Who fought alongside the British in the French and Indian War? The American colonists
Why did Britain increase its interest in the American colonies following the French and Indian War? Britain saw the colonies as a source of income to pay off debt following the war.
What is the name of the governing body of elected officials in the British government? Parliament
What did England do to assert more control over the colonies in America? Passed harsh laws and taxes, and sent soldiers to the colonies
What law passed by Parliament said the American colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains? Proclamation Act of 1763
This act placed a tax on sugar, molasses, and other items shipped to the colonies. Sugar Act
This act required all legal and commercial documents to have a stamp showing a tax had been paid. Stamp Act
This act required colonists to house British soldiers in their homes and pay a tax to provide food and supplies to the soldiers. Quartering Act
A series of acts that placed taxes on goods brought into the colonies, such as lead, paper , paint, glass, and tea. Townshend Acts
This act gave Britain control over the American tea trade. Tea Act
A series of laws meant to punish the colonies in response to the Boston Tea Party. Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)
How did the colonists show opposition to British laws imposed on the colonies? Protests and boycotts
Colonists who supported the rebels and opposed British laws were called what? Patriots
Who were the Sons of Liberty? Secret societies who opposed British law by planning protests and boycotts.
Name some of the colonists who led opposition to British laws and began to call for independence. John Adams, Sam Adams, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, Paul Revere, George Washington
What is the name of the first violent exchange that occurred when a riot broke out between colonists and British soldiers. The Boston Massacre
What is a militia? A group of citizens (non-military) who train to protect and defend their community.
Who were the Minutemen? Colonists who were trained to respond at a minute's notice.
How did the colonists react to the Tea Act passed by Parliament? Went aboard 3 ships and dumped British tea into the harbor.....the Boston Tea Party.
Which patriot said, "Give me liberty or give me death"? Patrick Henry
Who rode through the countryside to warn the colonists that the British were coming? Paul Revere
Where were the first battles of the American Revolution fought? Lexington and Concord
Who was chosen to lead the Continental Army? George Washington
The battle cry of the colonists was "No Taxation without Representation". What does this mean? The colonists were upset that they had no representation in Parliament and therefore felt it was unfair to pay taxes to the British government.
What document declared that the American colonies were free and independent states? The Declaration of Independence
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
Who was president of the Second Continental Congress and the first to sign the Declaration of Independence. John Hancock
Created by: jannasnyder