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Ch. 2 LA History

Ch. 2 Louisiana History

A relatively modern term that refers to all people descended from the Africans brougt to North America during its colonial and early national periods. African Americans
The way of life of a group of people, shaped by their ideas, beliefs, customs, and behavior. Culture
A group of people who are or who consider themselves to be different from other members of their community based on factors like where they came from, their racial identity, and cultural, religious, and linguistic similarities. Ethnic Group
The process in which new customs blend with older ideas and practices to form entirely new cultural expressions. Cultural Diffusion
A type of music with origins in songs and chants of slaves and sharecroppers as they worked in plantation fields; later the guitar, harmonica, and electric guitar accompanied the songs. Blues
French Canadians who came to Louisiana beginning in the 1760's; called Cajuns for short. Acadians
A Spanish-speaking person; such people came to Louisiana beginning in the 1760's from the Canary Islands and the Malaga region of Spain, and more recently from Latin America. Hispanic
The art and science of designing and constructing buildings. Architecture
Relating to a city. Urban
A Louisiana dish that includes rice and a combination of meat, seafood, and sausage, and sometimes tomato; similar to Spanish "paella". Jambalaya
A person who came into Louisiana from the colonies established by the English; they descended from English-speaking migrants (English, Irish, and Scots-Irish) to North America. Anglo
A scholar who studies communities and helps identify areas where similar pasts and patterns make a region distinct from its surroundings. Cultural Anthropologist
Louisiana's most famous festival; its season of parades and balls begins on Epiphany and continues through Fat Tuesday, the day before Ash Wednesday, which is the first day of Lent. Mardi Gras
A Spanish-speaking person who immigrated from the Canary Islands and settled in St. Bernard Parish. Islenos
A form of lively dance music created by black Creoles in rural southwest Louisiana; features fiddles, accordions, and a percussion instrument called a froittoir. Zydeco
An important American art form that grew out of the creations of African American and Italian American musicians in New Orleans at the beginning of the twentieth century; it evolved over time and spread all over the world. Jazz
A food commonly associated with Louisiana; a thick soup or stew served over rice, usually prepared with duck, sausage, or seafood, or just with vegetables. Gumbo
Someone born in the New World; in its earliest usage, someone born in a colony, not the nation that claimed that colony; in colonial Louisiana, anyone born in Louisiana whose descendants were from another place (possibly France, Spain, or Africa). Creole
Which ethnic group is associated with the Oktober Fest? Germans
What was the MAIN thing that attracted the Acadians to Louisiana? French Culture
Which of the following instruments is MOST likely to be played by a zydeco band? Rub Board
Which cultural group first used crawfish as food? Cajuns
Name an ethnic group that is included in the Anglo culture. English, Irish, and Scots
What type of music is closely related to Cajun music? Zydeco
Where would you go to attend the Crawfish Festival? Breaux Bridge
Name 4 ways in which culture can be expressed. Architecture, Art, Food, Music, Religious Beliefs, Customs
Where would you go to attend the Strawberry Festival? Ponchatoula
What were the main cash crops of the Plantation Country? Cotton and Sugar
Where would you go to visit the Festival of Lights? Natchitoches
Where would you go to visit the Tamale Festival? Zwolle
Which city hosts the Jazz and Heritage Festival every year? New Orleans
Where would you most likely hear a "second line" perform? Jazz Funeral
Name 3 rivers that form a water boundary for Louisiana. Mississippi River, Pearl River, Sabine River
During the Shrimp and Petroleum Festival, what sacred religious ceremony is held to wish good luck on the fishermen and their craft? Blessing of the Fleet
Name 5 Native American tribes that remain in Louisiana today. Choctaw, Tunica-Biloxi, Houma, Coushatta, Chitimacha
What religious season is preceded by Mardi Gras? Lent
What did the earliest festivals celebrate? Harvests, saints, and
Which music style can be improvised with strong rhythms and syncopation (accents in unexpected places)? Jazz
What religious ceremony is held at the Shrimp and Petroleum Festival to wish safety for the fishermen and their boats? Blessing of the Fleet
As a result of Croatian immigration to Plaquemines Parish, which industry grew? Oyster
What was the first European religion in Louisiana? Roman Catholicism
Created by: Esther Landry
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