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History Chapter 1 te

Indians, explorers, north america

QuestionAnswer
primary resource are first hand account of an event, original documents, letter, news papers, etc
secondary resources are written after the event by someone who was not there
Olmec 1200BC they were the first to build pyramids and know for their stone heads
Maya 200 AD -900AD they were know for their calendar and human sacrifices
Aztec 1100's-1500's had island cities (tenochtitlan) and they were fierce warriors
Inca 1400's-1500's they were know for their highway in the Indies mountains
Anasazi cliff dwellings and made pueblos
mound builders- estern north america burrial and ritual mound
north and northwest totums and igloos
great plains teepees and they were nomadic hunters (buffalow)
northeast and southeast longhouses (big House)
socrates wanted people to tinks and question their beliefs
plato 428-348 BC, wrote a book about a perfect society and called it the republic
aristottle 384-322 BC, people should live lives based on a reason
democracy the first to establish democracy where people rule themselves, greeks had a direct democracy
roman law and gov rome formed a republic it had democradic representation, a 3 part gov, and laws on display so all can be know
middle ages feudalism- KINGS NOBELS KNIGHTSS PESSANTSSS the individual person was not important black death (EXPLAIN) caused end of middle ages
renassance rebirth people studied antiant greeks searched for knowledge and became more curious gutenburgs printing press mad it easy to spread information
vikings reach north america leif eriksson was first to travel to NA by ship indian attacks made the vikings caused them to leave
exploration was needed for gold and silver ram materials spreading christianty europeans became intrested in asian culture
portugal leads the way prince harry the navigator led portugal to becime leader of navigation had a school of navigation to teach sailors the way in the oean paid for expaditions to the coast of africa
science and technology advances new maps magnetic compass astrolade helped sailors caravals allowed sailors to sail aginst the wind
DIAS 1488, he attempted to sail arround africa to asia
DA GAMA 1497, he was the first to sail arround africa to asia
COLUMBUS 1492, searched for a new route to asia but landed in the bahammas
PRINCE HARRY THE NAVIGATOR he financed portugal and helped them become leader of explorraation
DE BALBOA 1513, was the first to see the pacific ocean form land (PANAMA)
MAGELLEN 1522, crew was the first to circumnavigate the world
VESPUCCI 1501, realized coulombs was in a new world
CORTES 1519, sailed to present day mexico ( aztecs ) to search for gold with 500 soldiers
PIZARRO 1534, went to the INCA EMPIER ( CHILLIE) for gold with 400 soldiers
DE SOTO 1539, landed in present day tampa, FL disccoered the MS river in 1541
PONCE DE LEON 1508, discovered the coast of florida (1st european to reach north america)
CORONADO showed up in texas and was first to see grand canyon
SPANISH SETTLE MENT former areas of the aztecs and incas became known as new spain many emigrated to the region, only aloowed christians
SPANISH AND NATIVE AMERICANS ENCOMIENDA SYSTER WHERE THE SPAINS WERE ALLOED TAXES ON THE INDIAND AND TREATED THEM NICELY, BUT IT TURNES INTO SLAVERY
EUROPEAN IN NA JOHN WHITE WAS SETNT BY RAYLEIGH TO COLONIA=ZE ROANOKE
DUTCH IN NA drttlrd in NEw YORK< JERSEY DELEWARE< CONETICUT
Created by: lucyweir