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Pre-AP World History

Chapter 5 Rise of River Valley Civs

Culture a people's way of life, such as language, clothing, food, religious beliefs, and music
Neolithic Revolution turning point in human history 10,000 years ago when people stopped hunting and gathering and began to grow food and herd animals in settled communities
Paleolithic Era Old Stone Age when people lived in small nomadic groups hunting and gathering, using stone, bone, and wood tools and weapons, domesticating dogs and using fire.
Mesopotamia Civilization early civilization located between the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers, where they built ziggurats, invented cuneiform writing, and the wheel/sail for transport
Nile River Civilization early civilization located in N. Africa, where they built pyramids, used hieroglyphs, worshipped the Pharaoh as a god-king, practiced mummification and embalming for the afterlife
Indus River Civilization early civilization located in northern India, where they designed multi-story cities on a grid-pattern with indoor plumbing and sewer systems; later invaded by Aryan people who brought caste system and Hinduism
Huang He (Yellow River) Civilization early civilization located in Eastern China, where they practiced ancestor worship, consulted Oracle Bones for guidance, produced Silk for trade, and Zhou Dynasty replaced the Shang using the belief in a Mandate of Heaven
Theocracy when a ruler has both political and religious power over the people, example: Egyptian Pharaoh
Monarchy a king or queen who pass power on to their sons/daughters
Dynasty a family ruling by hereditary means as long as they govern wisely
Monotheism belief in one god
polytheism belief in many gods
Code of Hammurabi first law code establishing the punishments for crimes in written form that applied to all
patriarchy a male-dominant society where women obeyed the males in their household and J were often confined to the home to care for children and complete domestic work
Judaism monotheistic religion founded by Abraham for the Hebrew people who saw God as an invisible force demanding proper moral conduct; formed the foundation for later Christianity & Islam
Ten Commandments laws given directly from God to Moses to deliver to the Hebrew people to ensure the worship of one god and outlaw murder, adultery, stealing and other immoral behavior
job specialization when food surplus allows non-farmers to develop other occupations such as soldiers, artisans, govt. workers, and merchants
Caste System social divisions in the Indus society brought by the Aryan migration; those at the top included priests, warriors, and nobles; those at the bottom were the "un-pure" who worked in dirty jobs
Created by: wm0397
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