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UNIT 3

US History -Standard 6-7

George Washington First president of the United States; set many precedents while in office (example: Cabnet/ 2 term limit)
John Adams Second President; supported the Alien & Sedition Acts; Federalist
Federalists strong national government; loose constructionalist; industrustrial economy; Hamilton
States' Rights The concept that states have the right to nullify (cancel) federal laws with which they disagree
Whiskey Rebellion farmers in Pennsylvania attacked tax collectors; President Washington led a militia to put the rebellion down; confirms the president's constitutional right to uphold the law
Erie Canal Man-made river connecting Great Lakes and growing markets of the Appalachian Mountains to Hudson River (New York) & greatly reduced the price of transporting goods. MANIFEST DESTINY
Lewis & Clark two men were sent by President Jefferson to map the Louisiana Purchase and were guided by Sacagawea- From St Louis to Oregon.
Louisiana Purchase President Jefferson bought land from France; nearly doubled size of United States- Goes against Jefferson's beliefs that it must be written in the Constitution to do it.
Monroe Doctrine President Monroe’s policy: keep Europe out of independent American countries & the U.S. will stay out of European affairs; made America the protector of the Western Hemisphere
Alien and Sedition Acts controvsial laws; increased citizenship requirements & limited free speech/press
Strict Constructionalist federal government can only exercise powers that are directly stated in the Constitution (Jefferson)
War of 1812 The violation of U.S. neutrality on the high seas, impressment of our sailors, and failure of British to leave the forts in the Northwest Territory forced the U.S. to protect its national honor by going declaring war with Britain
Abolitionism Movement to end slavery
American Nationalism Motivation to strengthen and promote the U.S. by focusing on internal improvements
Loose Constructionalist federal government can stretch powers lisited in Constitution these are called the implied powers and necessary and proper clause (Hamilton)
James Madison 4th President; War of 1812; Democratic-Republican
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Women’s rights activist; helped plan Seneca Falls Convention
Industrial Revolution Growth of manufacturing; change from man made products to machine production of goods
Public School Reform Pushed because reformers believed all children needed to receive an education in order for democracy to be effective; in favor of tax supported schools- Horace Mann
Jacksonian Democracy Political philosophy which sought: stronger presidency, weaker Congress; rights for “common man;” spoils system; Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny Belief that the U.S. had the God-given right and duty to spread westward to the Pacific Ocean
Seneca Falls Convention First women’s rights conference; held in Seneca Falls, NY- Declaration of Sentiments -modeled after the DOI
Women's Suffrage The right to vote for women gained in 1920
Nullification crisis South Carolina wanted to nullify (cancel) a tariff passed by the federal government; threatened to secede
Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced thousands of American Indians to leave their homelands and re-settle west of the Mississippi River
Henry Clay a Whig who supported the idea of American Nationalism; came up with the American System plan to promote economic growth
Frederick Douglass Former slave & abolitionist- Knew had to read and write and was able to escape to freedom using these skills. Owned his own newspaper - The North Star
Nat Turner's Rebellion Slave rebellion in VA; led to stronger Virginia slave codes
William Lloyd Garrison Abolitionist; published newspaper (The Liberator) & advocated for immediate emancipation of all slaves
Wilmot Proviso Bill which would have prohibited slavery in all territory won during the Mexican-American War; did not pass
Democratic-Republicans stronger state government; strict constructionalist; agricultural economy; Jefferson
Battle of New Orleans US victory in War of 1812; made A. Jackson a national hero; increased American Nationalism
Monroe Doctrine US foreign policy-Europe stay out of Western Hemisphere and US stay out of European affairs -Isolationism -US protects Western Hemisphere
Andrew Jackson 7th President; common man's president; Indian Removal Act; Nullification Crisis; stronger executive branch
Jacksonian Democracy political philosophy that sought a stronger presidency & weaker Congress; rights for all white men in voting; Spoils System
Universal male suffrage all white men could vote reguardless of property ownership/money. gave the "common man" suffrage (voting)
American System Clay's plan to expand infrastructure in the US through federal funding and high tariffs
Second Great Awakening early 1800s regligious revival that led to Americans attacking social issues
Temperance movement to get Americans to drink less alcohol
Thomas Jefferson 3rd President; LA Purchase; Lewis & Clark Expedition
Marbury vs Madison established judicial review (important check on the leg./exec branches)
Deomcracts party modeled after A. Jackson; anti-American system; common man
Whigs party created to oppose A. Jackson; pro-American system; rich/upper classes
Created by: sdevans
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