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Natural Rights Right to life, liberty, and property
Social Contract An agreement in which both sides agree to something in order to reach a shared goal
Sovereignty The ability to rule absolutely within a territory
State of Nature No rules, no one in charge, and no way to protect their natural rights
Population A group of people who are the members or citizens of a state
Government The organization inside a state that controls the actions and policies of the state
Autocracy A government in which one person has all the power
Monarchy A king or queen rules the country
Dictatorship A form of government where one leader has absolute control over the citizens lives
Democracy Citizens hold all political power
Representative Democracy Citizens elect leaders to represent their rights and interests in government
Direct Democracy There are no representatives
Theocracy A government that recognizes God or a divine being as the ultimate authority
Oligarchy A small group of people has all the power
Junta A small group of people- usually military officers- who rule a country after taking it over by force
Anarchy Nobody is in control
Constitution The rulebook for the government
Rule of law Laws are fair, they're enforced, and nobody is above the law
Separation of powers Dividing power among several branches of government
Consent of the Governed Citizens of a country give their permission to be governed by the country's government
Rights of the minority Protecting the rights of small or unpopular groups regardless of what the majority believes
4 Roles of Government Protect the country, keep order, help the citizens, and make laws
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