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18 Fall - SS Unit 1

Islam

QuestionAnswer
What is the name of Islam's God? Allah
Who is the founder of Islam? Muhammad
What is Islam considered as because they believe in only 1 God? Monotheistic
What is the date of origin of Islam? About 622 CE
What are the 5 Pillars of Islam? Prayer, give to charity, believe in and submission to one God (Allah), fast during the month of Ramadan & take a trip to Mecca once in a lifetime
What does Islam mean in Arabic? surrender to the will of Allah
What are followers of Islam called? muslims
What do muslims believe about Muhammad? he is the last and greatest prophet of Islam
Who were other prophets besides Muhammad? Abraham, Moses, & Jesus
What does the Qur’an tell muslims? how people should live their lives & it describes the Five Pillars of Faith
What is a hajj? trip to Mecca
What does Ramadan celebrate? the time when the Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad
When is Ramadan celebrated? the 9th month of the Islamic calendar
How long does Ramadan last? 29-30 days
What are 3 important parts of Ramadan? prayer, reading the Qur’an, and charity
What is Sharia? religious law that forms part of the Islamic tradition
What is a type of government in which religious leaders are in control? theocracy
After Muhammad’s death, his followers fought which caused Muslims to split into which two groups? Shia & Sunni
What do Shiites believe? that the supreme leader must be a blood relative of Muhammad
Where are Shiites most found? Iran and some parts of Iraq
What is the supreme leader of Islam called? Caliph
What do Sunni's believe? that the supreme leader does NOT need to be related to Muhammad
What is the major branch of the religion, representing about 90% of the world’s Muslim population? Sunni
What is the branch of the religion of most Persians (ethnic group in Iran)? Shia
Created by: lprinke