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TOGY4W18 Terms

TermDefinition
Dome something shaped like a half-circle, looking like an upside down bowl; often on the top of buildings
Religion a specific fundamental set of beliefs (about the cause and purpose of the universe and the existence and nature of gods) and practices (describing the proper way of living) generally agreed upon by a number of people
Sabbath (1) 1) the day the people of God are commanded to keep Holy by resting from work, generally connected to the Judeo-Christian worldview
Shawl a square or oblong piece of cloth worn as a covering for the head, neck, and shoulders
Shofar a trumpet made of a ram's horn, blown by the ancient Hebrews during religious ceremonies and as a signal in battle, now sounded in the synagogue during Rosh Hashanah and at the end of Yom Kippur
Shrine a structure or place devoted to a saint or deity, as an altar, church, or temple
Synagogue 1) an assembly of Jews for religious observances and worship; 2) the building in which they meet for corporate worship and religious instruction
Tallith a shawl with ritually knotted fringe (zizith) at the corners, traditionally worn by Jewish men, especially at morning prayer
Temple (1) 1) a place, usually a building, dedicated to the service or worship of a deity;
Bar mitzvah the rite of passage ceremony for Jewish boys; the ceremony is held in a synagogue, usually on Saturday morning, for a boy 13 years old, usually after he has completed a course of study in Judaism. A girl's ceremony is called a bat mitzvah
Temple (2) 2) (usually initial capital letter) any of the houses of worship in Jerusalem in Biblical times (the first built by Solomon, the second by Zerubbabel, and the third by Herod) or prophesied to be built on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem in the future
Bedouin a nomadic Arab who lives in the deserts of Africa or Asia
chuppah (1) a canopy under which the Jewish marriage ceremony is performed, symbolizing (originally) the bridal chamber, or home to be established by the newlyweds
Jew 1) (ethnic group) a member of the group of people who traces their ancestry from the Biblical Hebrews; 2) (religious group) any convert or other person who adheres to the doctrines of the Jewish religion
kibbutz (pl. kibbutzim) Israeli community settlement, originally collectivist and agricultural but now privatized and more industrial. In these communities, children are often raised collectively
Muslim (1) someone who practices Islam; means in Arabic "one who submits” (to Allah and Muhammad). Practices Shahada (profession of Faith), Salat (prayers), Zakat (giving of alms), Saum (fasting during Ramadan), Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca), and Jihad (struggle).
Rabbi 1) a Jewish teacher of the law or scholar who is qualified to judge on questions of Jewish law; 2) the highest official in a synagogue
Yarmulke (YAH-muh-ka) a thin, slightly-rounded skullcap traditionally worn at all times by observant Jewish men, and sometimes by both men and women in Conservative and Reform communities. Associated with demonstrating reverence for God. (Also known as a kippah)
Zionist a member of the worldwide Jewish movement known as Zionism, which resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel, and which now seeks to support it
Sabbath (2) Traditionally, Jews observe the Sabbath on Saturdays (the seventh day of the week), and may follow very strict rules as to what technically qualifies as "work " Christians tend to observe Sundays as the Sabbath
Chuppah (2) (Note Depending on local custom and the preference of the bride and groom, it may be a simple tallith suspended from four poles, a richly embroidered cloth of silk or velvet, or a flower-covered trellis
Muslim (2) [NOTE: “Muslim” is not synonymous with “Arab." Muhammad and his followers were from Arabia, but Muslim are a religious group while Arabs are an ethnic group]
Created by: jamallwh