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TOG Y4 W9 Terms

TermDefinition
Dugout either of two sunken shelters at the side of a baseball field where the players sit and rest while not on the field
Foul foul ball; a baseball hit or played outside the foul lines running by first and third base
Inning the units of division of a baseball game. In each inning, each team has the opportunity to score until the pitching team makes three outs against them. There are typically nine innings
League an association of teams or clubs that compete among themselves. There are major and minor leagues
Major League a professional baseball league in the US There are two the National League and the American League
Outfield the part of a baseball field beyond the diamond
Pennant a long, tapering, usually triangular flag that is an emblem of victory; used particularly in baseball
Pitcher (baseball) the player who throws or pitches the ball to the other team's batter
Shortstop (baseball) the player positioned in the infield between second and third base
Umpire a person appointed to rule on plays, especially in baseball; a referee
Astronaut a person trained to pilot, navigate, or otherwise participate as a crew member of a spacecraft
Astronomer a person who is an expert of astronomy; a scientific observer of the stars, planets, etc
Creationism the belief that all things were created, by an all-powerful Creator, and that they did not evolve or develop gradually. It usually (though not always) rests on a belief in the God of the Bible and a literal interpretation of the first chapters of Genesis
Heresy opinion or doctrine that is different from the orthodox or majority-accepted doctrine, especially of a church or religious system.
Evolution (1, 2) 1) any process of growth and change; development; 2) changes in the genes of a population during successive generations, as a result of natural selection, and resulting in the development of new species;
Fundamentalist (1) 1) any strict adherent to the core doctrines of a religion or other belief system;
Observatory a building, place, or institution designed and equipped (usually with a powerful telescope) for making observations of astronomical, meteorological, or other natural phenomena
Philanthropist a person who tries to increase the well-being of humanity, usually by charitable aid or donations
Telescope an optical instrument, usually made of lenses and mirrors mounted in a large tube, used for making distant objects (especially stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies) appear larger, thus making them easier to view or study
Evolution (3) 3) the doctrine that the universe and all its contents sprang into being spontaneously and have developed on their own, without divine intervention
Fundamentalist (2) 2) American Protestant movement of the early 20th century, in reaction to modernism and stresses the literal truth of the Bible, especially the creation of the world, the virgin birth, resurrection, atonement by Christ, and the Second Coming,
Theory (1) 1) an explanation for an event, action, or principle that is still conjecture and has not been proved; a possibility as opposed to a proven fact;
Theory (2) 2) (science) a set of statements or principles devised to explain a group of facts or phenomena, especially one that has been repeatedly tested or is widely accepted and can be used to make predictions about natural phenomena.
Created by: jamallwh