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Assessment

TermDefinition
diagnostic test assess strengths, weaknesses, knowledge, and skills prior to instruction
aptitude test attempts to determine and measure ability to acquire skills through future training or instruction
Achievement test measure effects of specific instruction
summative test document student learning at end of instructional unit; extrinsic, performance oriented; measures knowledge and comprehension; formal
ability test intelligence or aptitude test; measure verbal, quantitative, and visual reasoning; tell how well student will do in school
analytic scoring specific approach to scoring; students given feedback on how well they are doing; addresses whole performance
norm referenced measures individual differences in achievement; compares performance to others; covers broad area of achievement; performance found by position in a group
criterion referenced describes tasks students can perform; compares performance to a standard; focuses on a limited set of learning tasks; performance found by mastery of standard
standardized given in same manner to all test takers; identify developmental delays and evaluate students as they develop
national percentile rank percentage of the norm group that scored below a given raw score
critical incident analysis reflect on practices, explain, and justify; help teachers know how they operate and question practice while developing understanding and increasing judgement control;
portfolio authentic assessment; work collected over time; reflects development and progress
developmental scoring age and grade equivalents; show average performance at age and grade levels; based on averages, estimates, and the assumption of s smooth development curve
holistic scoring global approach to scoring; assessor has to develop complex mental responses to a student's work; assessor provides a grade and supports with justification for grade
raw scoring marks assigned to student performance on assessment; number of problems right out of a certain number;
selected response student choose response provided on test; usually knowledge based questions
formative assessment provide ongoing feedback and adjustment to instruction; ongoing; intrinsic, mastery-oriented; measures deep understanding, application, reasoning; informal
validity how well a test measures what it is suppose to measure;
reliability production of stable and consistent results
scoring guide for project-based learning; rubric; clearly shows how work is assessed; students can use to self-assess
focus group diverse group participating in guided discussion about certain situation
anecdotal record specific observations of behaviors, skills, and attitudes; cumulative information on student learning and direction for further instruction
benchmark assessment interim assessment; evaluates performance at periodic intervals, frequently at end of marking period; can predict summative assessment performance
walkthrough specific "look-fors"; familiar with curriculum and instructional practices;
authentic learning performing a task; emulates real-life; application/analysis/synthesis; student-structured; difficult to achieve
Created by: jlc08974