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Theories

TermDefinition
Schema Theory cognitive theory; when new information presents itself, we try to fit it into what we already know from past experiences; if not, knowledge has to be altered
Social Learning Theory learning takes place in a social context; observation and modeling of others; reinforcement and consequences influence behavior; environment affect behavior.
Behavioral Theory learning is response to stimulus rather than internal process; reacting to external stimuli
Cognitive Theory learning takes place when information enters through the senses, undergoes mental manipulation, is stored, and used; acquiring and storing information
social development theory social interaction leads to increased cognitive skills;
Three domains of learning way of categorizing levels of learning to meet the educational goals; cannot move into next category without mastering the first one
Zone of proximal development difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help
transfer of learning one skill influencing the learning/performance of another skill; based on Schema Theory;
constructivism learning is a mental process of constructing knowledge through experiences and previous knowledge
divergent thinking creative thinking; thinking with the aim of producing many answers to the same question; multiple ways of answering a problem; critical thinking
scaffolding instruction in small steps based on tasks the learner is already capable of doing independently; providing support until learner can move through all tasks independently; related to Zone of Proximal development
differentiated instruction planning a variety ways for students to access and share learning in content, process, and product; student-centered; engaging; whole class, group, and individual
cognitive domain contains application of knowledge and developing intellectual skills; recall of facts and concepts in the development of mental competence
affective domain feelings, emotions, and attitudes; ability to listen and respond interacting with others, and ability to demonstrate attitudinal characteristics appropriate to situation and field of study; deals with feelings; active participation
psychomotor domain use of motor-skills; coordinating motor skills; certain level of physical dexterity is required
blended learning learning partly online with some student control and partly at a traditional school
experiential approach to learning learning through experiences and learning through reflection on doing;
Created by: jlc08974