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Pedagogy - Andragogy

Comparison of the core features of pedagogy vs andragogy

QuestionAnswer
Pedagogy: Life/Study Demands on Learner Learners can devote more time to the demands of learning because responsibilities are minimal.
Pedagogy: Relationship of Learner to Instructor Learners rely on instructors to direct the learning & decide what is important to be learned.
Pedagogy: Role of Instructor Sage on the Stage: Fact-based lecture is often the mode of knowledge transmission.
Pedagogy: Content of Learning Learning addresses pre-formulated problems & involves applying ideas already provided.
Pedagogy: Structuring of Learning Course planning, needs assessment, & objective setting are done by the instructor.
Pedagogy: Role of Life Experiences Learners are building a knowledge base & must be shown how their life experiences connect with present learning.
Pedagogy: Focus of Learning Learning is primarily about mastering the content -- facts, processes, etc.
Pedagogy: Purpose for Learning Learners often see no reason for taking a particular course. They just know they have to learn the new information.
Pedagogy: Permanence of Learning Learning is compulsory and tends to disappear shortly after instruction.
Pedagogy: Response to New Information Learners tend to accept the information being presented at face value, seldom questioning & finding conflicting views troubling.
Pedagogy: Expectation for Learning Learners expect what they are learning to be useful in their long-term future – if at all.
Pedagogy: Contribution to Learning Learners have little practical ability to serve as knowledgeable resources to the instructor or their fellow learners.
Pedagogy: Evaluation of Learning The instructor evaluates learning & progress, formatively & summatively.
Pedagogy: Expectations for Feedback Learners expect periodic graded feedback via tests and/or written assignments.
Pedagogy: Motivation for Learning Motivation is primarily external: familial pressures, competition for grades, consequences of failure.
Pedagogy: Orientation to Learning Learning is a process of acquiring prescribed subject matter: subject-centered.
Pedagogy: Preferred Presentation of Content Learning follows a sequence dictated by the logic of the subject matter: subject-centered.
Pedagogy: Classroom Climate The class is a largely traditional environment -- formal, authoritative, competitive, judgemental.
Pedagogy: Foundation of Learning Relationship Learning is based – however covertly -- on power & control.
Andragogy: Life/Study Demands on Learner Learners must balance life responsibilities with the demands of learning.
Andragogy: Relationship of Learner to Instructor Learners are autonomous & self-directed, deciding for themselves what is important to be learned.
Andragogy: Role of Instructor Guide on the Side: Instructors guide the learners to their own knowledge rather than supplying everything for them.
Andragogy: Content of Learning Learning addresses current, real-world problems & involves applying new ideas & materials.
Andragogy: Structuring of Learning Course planning, needs assessment, & objective setting are done by mutual agreement among learners & instructor.
Andragogy: Role of Life Experiences Learners have substantial life experience & connect their learning to their knowledge base to realize its value.
Andragogy: Focus of Learning Learning is primarily life-, task-, and problem-centered.
Andragogy: Purpose for Learning Learners are goal-oriented & know for what reason they are learning new information.
Andragogy: Permanence of Learning Learning is self-initiated & tends to last a long time.
Andragogy: Response to New Information Learners may question information being presented, validating it against their beliefs, experiences, prior knowledge, etc.
Andragogy: Expectation for Learning Learners expect what they are learning to be immediately useful.
Andragogy: Contribution to Learning Learners have significant ability to serve as knowledgeable resources to their instructor & fellow learners.
Andragogy: Evaluation of Learning Self-evaluation is an essential component in the learning process.
Andragogy: Expectations for Feedback Learners expect ongoing feedback about trial experiences.
Andragogy: Motivation for Learning Motivation is primarily internal: better quality of life, self-esteem, recognition, self-confidence, self-actualization.
Andragogy: Orientation to Learning Learning is a process of acquiring relevant knowledge & skills for real-life purposes: task/problem centered.
Andragogy: Preferred Presentation of Content Learning is organized around life/work situations rather than subject matter units: problem-solving approach.
Andragogy: Classroom Climate The class is a relaxed, interactive environment of mutual respect & collaboration.
Andragogy: Foundation of Learning Relationship Learning is based implicitly on competence & trust.
Created by: RLD
 

 



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