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SS Review

QuestionAnswer
Jim Crow laws made racial segregation legal
13th amendment abolished slavery
14th amendment granted citizenship to all people born in the US
15th amendment granted black men the right to vote
19th amendment gave women the right to vote
Triangle Shirtwaist Tragedy A deadly fire in the Triangle Waist factory in 1911, that killed 146 garment workers, unable to escape because factory owners locked doors to prevent work breaks; led to improved factory safety standards and working conditions.
Mass production Making large quantities of the same product, usually using an assembly line, in order to keep costs low
Assembly line putting together a product in a factory, by moving it along a line of workers, who each add a part until the product is finished
Big Stick Policy President Theodore Roosevelt's approach to foreign policy, "speak softly, carry a big stick - you will go far", meaning negotiate with other nations, using the threat of military.
Seward's Folly Purchase of Alaska in 1867 by William Seward, for $7.2 million, which many Americans believed to be a huge mistake (also known as "Seward's Icebox")
nationalism extreme love, loyalty, and devotion to one's country
nativism the policy of protecting native inhabitants over immigrants
racism prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one's own race is superior.
imperialism taking over other governments or countries for your own, usually by force
temperance not drinking any alcohol (or reducing amount)
suffrage right to vote in elections
primary source original source or evidence; an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study
secondary source source that was created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in events, such as scholarly books and articles
return to normalcy returning to the "way of life" before WWI
Black Tuesday October 29, 1929 - stock market crash which led to the Great Depression
yellow journalism news/information based on sensationalism and exaggeration of facts
Open Door Policy US policy that allows for trading with China to be open to all countries equally
Muckrakers journalists who exposed corruption in big business and government
Lusitania a British ocean liner sunk by the Germans, which indirectly contributed to the US entering WWI
Prohibition the ban of producing, importing, transporting, selling, and drinking alcohol from 1920-1933.
isolationism policy that a nation should stay out of the affairs of other nations
Marshall Plan American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $13 billion in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization; formal alliance between the territories of North American and Europe, whose main purpose was to defend each other from the possibility of communist Soviet Union taking control of their nation.
Truman Doctrine policy issued by President Harry S. Truman, stating that the US would go to whatever lengths possible to stop the spread of communism/Soviet Union
Plessy v Ferguson a United States Supreme Court case that ruled segregation was legal, as long as equal facilities were provided for both races.
New Deal a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D. Roosevelt that aimed to stabilize the economy and provide jobs and relief to those who were suffering.
internment camp the relocation and imprisonment of Japanese-Americans during World War II, by Pres. Franklin Roosevelt, for fear these people may be spies
strike to stop working at a job until demands are met
Rosa Parks an activist in the Civil Rights Movement who refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus sin Montgomery, Alabama
Teddy Roosevelt 26th president; nature lover; Big Stick policy; regulated/broke apart monopolies, such as the railroad
Heroshima City in Japan destroyed by an atomic bomb, dropped by the US, during WWII
Rosie the Riveter poster girl recruiting female workers to assist during WWII
Nagasaki Another city in Japan destroyed by an atomic bomb, dropped by the US, during WWII.
18th amendment Prohibition of alcohol
21st amendment Undid the prohibition of alcohol (18th amendment)
Brown vs Board of Education court ruling that made the racial segregation of schools against the law in US schools
Created by: GMSgrade8