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SS Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
The Mayflower Compact, New England town meetings, and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of Early attempts for self government
"Join, or Die" is a well-known political cartoon, created by Benjamin Franklin, it uses a severed (chopped up) snake to symbolize the colonies because: the colonies were weak when they were divided
What was the reason for the Proclamation Line of 1763 ? to avoid conflicts between American colonists and Native Americans
What was the main purpose of the Navigation Acts? so colonies couldl trade with England only
What was the purpose of the Boston Tea party To show the colonists disgust over the tea tax
Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered the turning point of the American Revolution? Americans won and gained the support of the French as an ally.
Why did the United States draft the articles of confederation? They thought the central government was too strong
What was the Quartering Act? Colonists were forced to allow British soldiers to live in their houses.
How did the Great Compromise calm the fears of smaller states? By allowing them to elect the same number of Senators as larger states
What war is Francis Scott Key describing in the poem The Star Spangled Banner? The War of 1812
What was George Washington's foreign policy advice in his Farewell Address? Do not make alliances with other countries and stay neutral "Steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world"
Why did President Jefferson’s decision to buy the Louisiana Territory go against his beliefs? It was not allowed by the constitution, which Jefferson STRICTLY followed
How did Sacajawea help Lois and Clark? She knew what food to gather when the men were not feeling well.
How did the Erie Canal lead to an increase in profit for manufacturers? They could move their goods quickly and cheaply to make a bigger profit.
How did the Missouri Compromise cause sectionalism in the US? It divided the country because created an official border between Slave and Free states and territories
What did Nat Turner do? he led a violent slave rebellion in Virginia that did not succeed in abolishing slavery but did make Southern lawmakers reconsider slave codes
What directly caused the trail of tears? Congressional legislation with president Jackson's approval to remove Native Americans from the Southeast.
What does plurality mean? The most votes
Why did Jackson accuse Adams and Clay of a “corrupt bargain” during the Election of 1824? John Quincy Adams made a secret deal to become president and make Henry Clay Secretary of State.
Why did California become a state before other Western territories? There was Gold there and many people rushed to the state to strike it rich!
Underground Railroad any method an enslaved person used to escape slavery
What was the purpose of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850? It forced citizens to assist in catching runaway slaves to return them to the Slavery
What was an important argument against slavery in America? It didn't follow the idea of equality stated in the Declaration of independence
What was the name of a book that supported the abolitionist movement ? Uncle Tom's Cabin: Harriet Beecher Stowe
Give an example of the of "popular sovereignty" The local citizens should decide whether or not to allow slavery in the Kansas-Nebraska territory.
What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Dred Scott v. Sandford? Slavery was allowed in the territories
What serious problem led to the Civil War? sectionalism
What event started the Civil War? Confederate troops fired on Union troops stationed at Fort Sumter
Which event gave many people the opportunity to hear Lincoln’s views on slavery? Lincoln-Douglas Debates 1858
In what famous document did President Lincoln expand the war goals to include the eventual abolition of slavery? Emancipation Proclamation
What was President Lincoln's primary objective at the start of the civil war? Keeping the union united