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Final Review Packet 2017-2018 Social Studies 6th Grade

Equator An imaginary line that circles Earth and that is relative to the Latitude lines.
Prime Meridian The line that makes a half circle from the north pole to south pole and that passes through Greenwich, Engalnd
Latitude imaginary lines that go east to west.
Longitude imaginary lines that travel north to south
Archaeologist Scientist who learn about past human life by studying fossils and artifacts
Artifact Weapon, tool, or other item made by humans
Fossil The trace or imprint of a plant or animal that has been preserved in rock
Anthropologist Scientist who study the physical characteristics and culture of humans and their ancestors
Technology (definition and examples) Tools and methods use to help humans perform tasks (Ex. food choppers, meat scrapper, spar points.)
Domesticate Tame animals and plants for human use
Paleolithic Time Period/ Man (describe and examples) (EDIT) Earliest part of the Stone Age. began around 2.5 million years ago and lasted around 8000 BC.
Neolithic Time Period/ Man (describe and examples) (EDIT) Began around 8000 BC, which lasted until about 4000 BC. This time period is know for revolutionising farming
Hammurabi (empire and accomplishments) Began to conquer cities from north to south. He also created a Babylonian empire. He has a law code with cruel punishments. He also ruled Mesopotamia.
Irrigation Method of bringing water to a field from another place to water crops.
City-State Independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages
Artisan Skilled crafts person. They made metal products, cloth and poetry
Cuneiform Sumerian system of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings Made on a clay tablet
Scribe Record keeper
Empire Group of territories or nation under a single ruler or government.
Mesopotamia (where? geography? empires?) Located on a flat plain bounded by the Tigris River and Euphrates River. The place was in the eastern part of the fertile crescent; Mesopotamia was hot and had a dry climate. Some empires where Sumerians, Assyrians, Chaldeans and Babylonians
Sumerians (where? when? describe accomplishments) (3500 BC - 1800 BC) , from Mesopotamia, created an empire that lasted 200 years and made the first empire in history, created the wheel, bronze tools, and 12 month calendar
Babylonians (where? when? describe accomplishments) (REVIEW) Large center of trade, created Hammurabi.
Assyrians(where? when? describe accomplishments) (REVIEW) Mesopotamia conquered
Chaldeans (where? when? describe accomplishments) (REVIEW) Controlled 605 BC- 562 BC. They rebuilt the city of Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar (where? when? describe accomplishments) Chaldean king, helped rebuild Babylon, defeated the Persians, first to have a seven day week.
Province Political district
Nile River (where? why is it important?) River in Egypt, was a resource for drinking water for the Egyptians, was also used for bathing,cooking, farming south to north
Hieroglyphics System of writing made up of thousands of pictures
Sahara A desert which is the largest in the world, and west of the Nile River. Used for defennse
Cataract Steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river. 650 miles
Delta (Nile) An area of fertile soil at the mouth of a river
Papyrus Reed plant of the Nile valley used to make a form of paper
Dynasty Line of rulers from the same family line
Pharaoh All-powerful king in ancient Egypt
Rosetta Stone discovered in 1799. It allows us to read/ translate hieroglyphics
Deity God or godess
Embalming Process Process developed by the ancient Egyptians or preserving a persons body after death
Mummy Body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen.
Pyramid Huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb
Religion (of Ancient Egypt) (specific gods too) Isis (Nile god), Re (sun god)
Hatsheput (include details of accomplishments) Ruler/queen of ancient Egypt. She ruled with her husband.
Canaan Lies along the Mediterranean Sea in southwest Asia. A kingdom which was built by the Israelites
Moses (role in religion) Believed that God was telling him to head the Israelites out of Egypt for freedom
Monotheism The belief in one god
Torah First part of the Hebrew Bible.
David (accomplishments, role in religion) reigned c. 1000- 970 BC. Was a king. Also was called in from the fields where he was tending his sheep. When Samuel came to appoint him king.
Jerusalem The capital city of the Israelite empire
Judah A kingdom which its capital was Jerusalem. Its people were Jews.
Solomon Davids son. Became king after Davids death. Also built a Stone temple in Jerusalem. Known for his wise sayings (or proverbs) in the bible
Prophet Person who claim to be instructed by god to shares his words
Proverb Wise saying
Babylon (in Judaism) A place where the Jews were kept in captivity by king Nebuchadnezzar
Diaspora Scattering of communities of Jews outside their homeland after the Babylonia captivity. Scattered throughout the Mediterranean
exile Period of forced absence from ones country or home
Sabbath Weekly day of worship and rest for Jews
Synagogue Jewish house of worship
Zelot Jews who wanted to fight the Romans for their freedom
Jesus (role in religion) A Jew who went around preaching his ideas in Judea and Galie. preached that God was coming soon to rule the world. He urged people to ask for gods forgive. He is a messiah and a prophet
Messiah A deliver send by god in Judaism
Roman view of Jesus Romans thought that Jesus was a threat
Persecute To mistreat a person because of his or hers beliefs
crucify Being hung from a cross until death. Usually used as a punishment
clergy Religious officials, such as priests, given authority, to conduct religious services.
New Testament A written record of the life of Jesus. second part of the christian bible. (combination of the four gospels with the writings of Paul.)
Old Testament First part pf the Christan Bible, Mostly made up of Hebrew writing
Roman Catholic Church A church which is used by the western Roman Catholics. Consists of Popes and Bishops. Speak Latin. They use icons.
Eastern Orthodox Church A church which is used by the eastern Roman empire. Greek writings. No icons
Bedouin desert herders moving from oasis to oasis
Muhammad (role in religion) Born in 570 AD in Makkah. A prophet believes that everyone is equal, refers to god a Allah, preaches
Quarn Holy book of islam
Shiites Believed that Ali, Muhammad's son-in-law should succeed him
Sunnis People who outnumbered the Shiites. Wanted to be desendent from Umayyads
mosque Muslim house of worship
Dark Ages Started in 1100 BC, ended around 750 BC. Greeks were in bad times. Trade slowed, farmers didn't grow enough crops for everyone, and some people forgot their own written language. One good thing was that their was a population shift
colony settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland.
polis Greek city-state
agora in early Greek city-states, an open area that served as both a market and meeting place
Sparta (describe life) was founded by the Dorians. conquered and enslaved their neighbours. was known for strength and wars. mainly focused on a military skill.
Athens (describe life) Were more dedicated to building a democracy than building a strong military force.
Delian League Headquarters of Delos
democracy(direct) a system of government when people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters.
democracy(representative) when citizens choose smaller groups to make laws and other decisions.
Solon (impact on Greece) cancelled all farmers debts and freed people who had became slaves.
Peisistratus (impact on Greece) seized power in 560 BC. loaned money to the poor, gave them jobs, and won trust over the poor. gave land and started an assembly of 500 citizens.
oligarchy government when a small group of people hold power
helot person who was conquered and enslaved the Spartans
Persia had an empire managed by Cyrus the great. enemy of the Greeks.
Cyrus the Great (impact on Greece) managed to unite the Persians into a powerful kingdom, ruled from 559 BC to 530 BC.
Darius (impact on Greece) Helped organise the Persians government. did this by dividing the empire into 20 provinces.
Xerxes (impact on Greece) son of Darius. became the Persian king after the death of his father (Darius), vowed revenge on the Athenians.
satrapies The 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian empire
Pericles (impact on Greece) Born c, 495 BC- 429 BC. General and helped Athens defeat the delian league. Also made up Athens more democratic by allowing poor people to run for the office.
Peloponnersian War (who fought? impact on Greece) Sparta and Athens fought in this war over control of Greece. This war lasted 25 years.
Philosopher Thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life.
Religion (describe, include important gods) (Of Greeks) Their religion is Greek mythology. some gods and goddesses are Zeus, Posidenian, Hera
myth traditional story describing gods or heroes which explain natural events.
drama story told by actors who pretend to be characters in the story
Plato (ideas/Contributions/inventions) A student of Socrates. had writings, which one was named Republic. Thought that democracy wasn't a good system of government Also thought philosopher should rule as kings
Pythagoras (ideas/Contributions/inventions) A Greek philosopher who taught pupils that the universe followed the same laws that governed music and numbers. Made the Pythagoras theory
Socrates (ideas/Contributions/inventions) a critic of Sophists. An Athenian sculptor, invented the Socratic method. Believed that an absolute truth existed and that all real knowledge was within each person
Aristotle (ideas/Contributions/inventions) one of Plato's students. wrote more than 200 books about government or stars and planets. He advanced science. taught the "golden mean" and opened his own school.
Herodotus (ideas/Contributions/inventions) Father of history, wrote the history of the Persian Wars. Asked questions, recorded answers, and checked the truthfulness from his sources
Thucydides (ideas/Contributions/inventions) Greatest historian of all time. (in ancient world) fought in the Peloponnesian war, and wrote the history of the Peloponneseian war
Philip the II (impact on Greece) Rose to the Throne in 359 BC. (in Macedonia) He loved the Greeks art,ideas, and armies. He took over thee city states of Persia by training army foot soldiers to fight the Greeks.
Alexander the Great (accomplishments/impact on Greece) Philip II son. a king of Macedon. He conquered Persia. Unifies the Greeks . Makes Greece larger (empires) shares money with his soldiers. Beautifies Greece. Fought along side with his soldiers.
legacy What a person leaves behind when he or she dies
Himalayas huge mountains which make a barrier between India and the rest of Asia. (separates India from China)
Indus River Valley India's supply of water which gives fertile soil.
monsoon a strong wind which blows one direction in the summer and the opposite in the winter.
Sanskrit written language developed by the Aryans
raja Prince who lead an Aryan tribe in India
guru Religious teacher and spiritual guide in Hinduism.
caste (system) Social group that a person is born into and cant change.
Hinduism (describe ideas and practices) One of the oldest religions in the whole entire world. The Aryans started/founded this. Praying, not eating meat are examples of practices. Cows are sacred. Believed in many gods
Buddhism (describe ideas and practices) A new religion founded by Siddhartha Guptama, a simpler, more spiritual religion than Hinduism.
karma The consequences of how a person lives
reincarnation The idea of passing through many lives to reach the Brahman.
theocracy government headed by religious leaders
Mauryan Dynasty (details including accomplishments) founded by Chandragupta Mauryan. Founded in 321 BC. trade had gotten bigger during this time period. They had a centrilized government. Strong armies and spy system.
Asoka (details including accomplishments) The Mauryan dynasty's greatest king, ruled from about 273BC-232 BC. First greatest Buddhist king. Also built new roads and hospitals
Gupta Empire (details including accomplishments) became wealthy through trade. Controlled much of northern India. Owned silver and gold mines and large estates.
pilgrim Person who travels to go to a religious shrine or site
Shang Dynasty (details including accomplishments) kings ruled from 1750 BC to 1045 BC. Rulers became powerful by controlling land. had strong armies, most Chinese during this dynasty were farmers. lived in luxury
Zhou Dynasty (details including accomplishments) started by Wu Wang. ruled for more than 800 years, longest dynasty to rule in Chinese history. Zhou king was in charge of defending kingdom. Developed a better farming system which led to more crops
Qin Dynasty (details including accomplishments) Founded by Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of Qin. Started in 221 to 206 BC. The dynasties religion was Legalism. The Great Wall was a great accomplishment during this time period.
Han Dynasty (details including accomplishments) Founded by Lou Bang in 202 BC. Made China more secure. New inventions were made during this dynasty such as new drill bits paper and newly invented water wheels
Mandate of Heaven When the king was chosen by heavenly order. Also gave people important rights
Laozi (philosophy and ideas) Loved around when Cindy is was alive. Thought people should give up worldly desire in favor of nature and Dao.
Hanfeizi (philosophy and ideas) A scholar who developed the teachings of Legalism. Taught that humans were naturally evil.
Confucius (philosophy and ideas) Ancient Chinas first great thinker and teacher. Beloved that people neeeded to have a sense of duty. Religion: Confusinim
Silk Road Network of trade which carried Chinese goods. Stretches 4000 miles from western China to southern China.
Economy An organized way in which people produce, sell and buy things
Reform Changes that brought improvements
Porcelian Type of ceramic ware that is made of fine glass and baked at night temperatures
Ghenghis Khan (role in ancient China) Built the mongol Empire with his sons. Born in 1160s. Named temujin
Kublai Khan (role in ancient China) Ghenghis khans graandson. Ruled after his grandfather. Moved his capital from kana Kirin to khanbaia
The Mongols (describe) Lived in an area north of China. They were made up of tribes, raised cattle, goats sheep and horses
Romulus and Remus Twin brothers who “found” Rome
12 Tables Written laws on tablets that described the rights of each person in the Roman republic
Etruscans (impact on Rome) Played a major role in shaping Roman civilization. Lived north or Rome. Skilled metal workers. Taught the Romans many think like how to free etc
republic Form of government in which the leader isn’t a king nor queen but a person elected by citizens
legion Smaller ink of the Roman army made up of about 6000 soldiers
Carthage (impact on Rome) Ancient city in the coast of North Africa. Emmy of Rome. Great trading empire
Hadrian's Wall Wall built by Hadrian across northern Britain
Punic Wars (include important details) Three in total. First war in 264 BC, when the Romans sent an army to Sicily to prevent a Carthage takeover. This war was over land of sicly. The 2nd war was over Carthage gaining more land.
Hannibal Carthaginian general who started the 2nd Punic war in 218 BC
patrician wealthy landowner and member or ruling class in Ancient Rome
plebeian Member of the comman people in Ancient Rome
consul One of the top government officials in Ancient Rome. Had Vito power and short terms
Julius Caesar (impact on Rome, accomplishments) Roman politic. Became dictators for life, beautified time, gave money
Octavian (impact on Rome, accomplishments) Caesars nephew. Was wealthy
Pax Romana (Describe Rome during this time) A long era of peace, lasted until ad 180.rome was peaceful. People were reading and playing sports and more during this time
Aqueduct Human made channel made to carry water
Ptolemy (ideas/contributions/inventions) Scientist of the Roman Empire, Studied the Sky and carefully mapped 1000 start, also studies the motion of planets
plauge Disease that spreads quickikt and kills many people
mosaic Picture made from many bits of colored glass, tile, or stone
Theodosius(impact on Rome, accomplishments) Ended the civil War. Was Roman emperor for WD 379 to as 395. Divided Roman Empire into 2
Byzantine Empire (include details and accomplishments) What the Roman Empire turned into developed own Christianity. Beloved emereor was Jesus on earth, emperor was in control of everything
Empress Theodora (impact on Rome, accomplishments) Actress, getting people rights, led theodosius into peace
Created by Avery Jean Baptiste
Created by: averyjb
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