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Unit 4 Vocab

Constitutional Development

Articles of Confederation America's first written government after the Revolutionary War
Constitution A set of basic laws for a country
Constitutional Convention A meeting in Philadelphia, designed a government with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches
The Great Compromise A bicameral Legislature (2 house Congress) House of Representatives - Based on population
Ratification The official way to confirm something
3/5s Compromise 3 out of 5 states will count toward population totals when deciding number of representatives in the House of Representatives
Bi-Cameral Having 2 branches
The Bill of Rights The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution
Amendment Process Two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate
Federalist Supported a strong federal government and were in favor of passing the Constitution as it was written
Anti-Federalist Supported stronger state governments and would not pass the Constitution until a Bill of Rights protecting individual freedoms was passed
Override Congress can overrule a President's veto with 2/3 majority
Veto President opposes a proposed law
1st Amendment Constitution of United States of America 1789
Judicial Review The process under which executive and legislative actions are subject to review by the judiciary
Judicial Branch Interprets the laws (Supreme Court)
Executive Branch Enforces the laws (President)
Legislative Branch Makes the laws (Congress)
Congress The Legislative Branch of the United States federal government, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Checks and Balances The 3 branches check on each other to ensure that no branch gets too much power