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7th SS Final # 2

QuestionAnswer
What was the sugar tax? A tax on molasses and other products by Britain on the colonies.
What were the Townshend Acts? Taxes on things brought into the colonies but not things inside the colonies.
Why did colonists think British taxes were unfair? They had no say in the laws that created the taxes.
What was the Stamp Act? A tax on all paper documents.
What was Thomas Paine's argument in Common Sense? The role of government was to serve citizens, monarchies were bad, British worked for themselves, not the colonies, and colonies had a strong military advantage.
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence? Formal statement of rights and independence of the colonies to King George. Listed abuses of the British and rights of the colonies.
What is an amendment? revision or addition to a bill or to the constitution
What is federalism? Principle of US Constitution that establishes powers of federal government and powers of the states
What was the Great Compromise? Helped to create the constitution. The states got 2 senators each in the Senate and the number of representatives in the House were based on population
What is the principle of checks and balances? Each branch of federal government has the power to check or limit the power of the other two branches
What was Manifest Destiny? Belief US had a right to expand for their growing population and stretch to the west coast form the east coast
What were the effects of the Louisiana Purchase? US control of the Mississippi and Port of New Orleans Growth of country with natural resources and fertile land Reduce conflict with the French
Who explore the Louisiana Purchase? Lewis and Clark and Zebulon Pike
When was the Star Spangled Banner written? 1814 about the War of 1812 by Francis Scott Key
What was the Monroe Doctrine? US would not let European nations set up colonies in North America or in Latin America.
What was the Indian Removal Act? 1830 act to 'offer' Native American land west of the Mississippi in exchange for their eastern lands.
What was the Trail of Tears? Expression used to describe the removal and travel of native Americans to the west. Cold, hungry, many died
What was the impact on Native American of the Trail of Tears and the Removal Act? Culture and lives disrupted. Many died and found life in the west very hard
What was the temperance movement? Movement to limit alcohol drinking.
Who were abolitionists? People working to stop or abolish slavery in the US. Wm Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass
Who fought for Women's Rights? Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony fought for women's right to vote.
Why did settlers go to Oregon? They sought fertile land to settle.
Why did settlers move to California? fertile land and gold rush 1848
Created by: charriez