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Ancient Greece


Mountainous land made travel difficult and led to isolated, independent city-states. Not enough farm land to feed growing population. Easy access to sea for trade/travel.
Greeks needed to establish colonies to get things they needed (ex. food and timber.) They would consult an oracle, gather food and supplies, travel by sea and then choose a good location for a colony with a good harbor and weak natives.
Spartan slaves; given more rights in Sparta compared to most Greek city-states
open market place in center of the city-states
high fortified area of an ancient Greek city of Athens
Government ruled by one person; ease of transition of power from father to son. Lawful claim to be king. Advantages-stability; decisions made quickly. Disadvantages- only one family rules; rash decisions made.
One ruler who gains power by force, unlawful claim to be in charge. Advantages - stability, quick decisions. Disadvantages - one decision maker; control people by fear
Rich social class in Greek city states that advised and provided supplies to the king (monarch). May overthrow him and take power to form Oligarchy
The law making group within a Greek city-state made up of all male citizens
military strategy/battle formation used by ancient Greeks characterized by overlapping shields and long spears
The waterway/strait that connected the Black Sea to the Aegean (major trade route). Also the site of the siege of Troy during the Trojan War. Also where Xerxes crossed using a bridge of boats during the Persian Wars.
Ancient Greek writer of epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey were first stories written after the Greek Dark Ages.
Reason for conflict: Ionian colonists rebelled against Persian taxation and were assisted by Athens. Persian King Darius wanted revenge. Three battles followed: Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis.
Persian King and leader of the Persians at the Battle of Marathon. Held the largest Persian empire in history.
Greek leader--During the Battle of Marathon used "natural geography of the land" to create the strategy that defeated the Persians despite the Greeks being outnumbered 3-1.
Persians won BUT many Greeks considered it a victory. Led by Leonidas, used the "natural geography"- a narrow pass, against the Persians. Leonidas and his Spartans held off the Persians so other Greek soldiers could return home to unite.
Son of King Darius, led Persians at Thermopylae and Salamis.
Created by: Cecila



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