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SS- Anc.Greece 22-30

7th Grade S.S. Ancient Greece Unit Flashcards 22-30

The Peloponnesian War: outcome and effects The outcome was that Sparta won the war. However, fighting between the two city-states (Sparta and Athens) continued. Philip II of Macedonia knew that the Greeks were divided and weak, leading to him attacking them. He ended up winning.
Pericles During the Golden Age of Athens, his man was a famous politician and military leader of Athens. He was also responsible for rebuilding the Parthenon along with perfecting the Athenian democratic system.
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Rise to Power Son of King Phillip II of Macedonia and became king when his father was assassinated at the age of 20 by an disloyal bodyguard. His mother built a shrine to the assasinator. He had a great respect and love for all things Greek, wants spread to middle east
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Spread of Greek ideas 1. To do this, he got most people to learn Greek. He didn't make them speak Greek since he wanted them to like him but made his local soldiers and government officials speak Greek. Since people wanted to move up the social ladder, they learned to speak it
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Spread of Greek ideas 2 2. Also, he established many Greek-style cities with marketplaces, temples, and theaters. He also encouraged settlers from Greece to move to cities with their laws, art, and literature. He also had about 70 cities named after him.
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Spread of Greek ideas 3 3. His most important city was called Alexandria, which is located in Egypt. It became one of the world's most important center of trade in learning.
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Using Religion In order to gain the liking and respect of the people, Alexander honored Persian and Egyptian gods of equal to the Greek gods. He also encouraged the idea the he was a god and knelt before respected people in the community and gave them gifts.
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Uniting his empire --> adopting ways of conquered cultures ______ did this by doing things such as wearing Persian-style clothing. He also adopted the Persian system of government, demanded that visitors greeted him in the Persian way (kiss) and encouraged marriage between Macedonians and Persians.
Socrates He was a famous Greek philosopher who taught his students (including Plato) to point out weaknesses in the government, and people's beliefs. He created the Socratic Method (used today). His enemies tried him for impiety and sentenced him to death.
Plato He was Socrates' most famous student. He founded a world famous academy/school that lasted for beyond his death. He taught the same things as his teacher and taught Aristotle.
Thucydides He was known as the "Father of Scientific History" because of his non-biased, factual accounts. He wrote the "History of the Peloponnesian War".
Herodotus He was known as the "Father of History" since he exaggerated and was very biased. He was the first to write down accurate accounts of events like the Persian Wars.
Pythagoras He was known as the "Father of Numbers". He created the Pythagorean Theorem which is still used today. a² + b² = c²
Parthenon/Acropolis A temple dedicated to Athena that stood on an acropolis. It was rebuilt by Pericles after the Persians burned it to the ground.
Alexander the Great and his accomplishments: Death However during his return home from his conquering he was doing, at the age of 33, he died in Babylon from a mosquito bite. (Alexander was taught by Aristotle.
Created by: nkornchankul



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