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Post Test

USII.1-9 Year End Test

• Barbed wire • Steel plows • Dry farming • Sod houses • Beef cattle raising • Wheat farming • Windmills • Railroads Inventions and adaptations of westward expansion
• Flatlands that rise gradually from east to west • Land eroded by wind and water • Low rainfall • Frequent dust storms Physical features and climate of the Great Plains
Because of new technologies, people saw the Great Plains not as a “_____” but as a vast area to be settled. treeless wasteland
Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania Cities: New York, Boston, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia Northeast Region
Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas Cities: Washington, D.C., Atlanta, New Orleans Southeast Region
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota Cities: Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit Midwest Region
Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona Cities: San Antonio, Santa Fe Southwest Region
Colorado, Utah, Nevada, Montana, Wyoming, Idaho Cities: Denver, Salt Lake City Rocky Mountains Region
Washington, Oregon, California Cities: San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle Pacific Region
Alaska, Hawaii Cities: Juneau, Honolulu Noncontiguous Region
Textile industry New England
Automobile industry Detroit
Steel industry Pittsburgh
The _____Amendment bans slavery in the United States and all of its territories. 13th
The _____ Amendment grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States and guarantees them equal protection under the law. 14th
The _____ Amendment ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. 15th
Provided aid former enslaved African Americans in the South. Freedmen's Bureau
What was passed that made discrimination practices legal in many communities and states? Jim Crow Laws
Who urged Southerners to reconcile with Northerners at the end of the Civil War and later became president of Washington College? Robert E. Lee
• land ownership • Technological advances - Transcontinental Railroad • Possibility of obtaining wealth, created by the discovery of gold and silver • Desire for adventure • Desire for a new beginning forformer enslaved African Americans Reasons for Westward Expansion
Homelands became smaller through broken treaties Populations were reduced through diseases and warfare Policy of assimilation was attempted Examples of how lives of American Indians changed with westward expansion
Escape from oppressive governement Hope for better opportunities Desire for religious freedom Reasons for increased immigration after the Civil War
steel = Andrew Carnegie
Oil = John D. Rockefeller
Automobile = Henry Ford
Light Bulb = Thomas Edison
Telephone service electric lighting mechanical uses of electricity Inventions that led to great change and industrial growth
• Child labor • Low wages, long hours • Unsafe working conditions Negative effects of industrialization
What was the impact of washing machines, electric stoves, & water pumps on daily life? Labor-saving devices
Name the event that led to the U.S. involvement in WWI. Sinking of the Lusitania
Peace keeping organization post WWI League of Nations
U.S. right to interfere in the economic matters of other nations in the Americas and right to exercise international police power Roosevelt Corollary
The U.S. emerged as a world power following which event Spanish American War
Germany Austo -Hungarian Empire Bulgaria Ottoman Empire Central Powers - WWI
British Empire France Russia Servia Belgium U.S. Allied Powers - WWII
Government program started by FDR to help nation recover from the Great Depression New Deal
People over speculation on stocks and could not repay when stock prices crashed Federal Reserve filed to prevent collapse of banking system High tariffs discouraged international trade Causes of the Great Depression
Women gained the right to vote 19th Amendment
• Speakeasies were created as places for people to drink alcoholic beverages. • Bootleggers made and smuggled alcohol illegally and promoted organized crime. Results of prohibition
For African Americans : * jobs in South scarce & low paying * faced discrimination & violence in the South * moved to cities in the North and Midwest for jobs *faced discrimination & violence in the North and Midwest Reasons for Great Migration
United States, Great Britain, Canada, Soviet Union Allied Powers WWII
Germany, Italy, Japan Axis Powers
political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied and nationalism and, often, racism are emphasized. Fascism
Event that forced Japan to surrender and end WWII? U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japan
Need for workers during WWII resulted in breaking down of racial barriers
The U.S. joined WWII after which event Bombing of Pearl Harbor by Japan
Turning point over Japan in WWII Battle of Midway
Systematic attempt to rid Europe of all Jews Holocaust
Worldwide depression – High war debt owed by Germany – High inflation – Massive unemployment Causes fo WWII
What provided financial aid to rebuild European economies after WWII Marshal Plan
Japan became a ____ after WWII with the U.S. strong ally
Which president desegregated the U.S. Armed Forces? Harry S. Truman
formed near the end of World War II to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars. United Nations
American & Allied Troops land in Normandy, France D-Day
_____occurred when the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade of Cuba. The Cuban Missile Crisis
U.S. intervened to stop the spread of communism into South Vietnam Vietnam War
educational benefits, housing benefits, employment benefits G.I. Bill of Rights
Purchased goods on credit Businesses converted to making consumer goods, work force shifted back to men After WWII reasons for rapid growth of American economy
investment in education Baby Boom Interstate highway Changing patterns in U.S. society after WWII
Women took jobs in defense plants Great Depression came to an end Americans conserved and rationed WWII changed American society
Who was known for passive resistance during the Civil Rights Movement Martin Luther King Jr.
Separate but equal, Supreme Court decision Brown v Board of Education
Created by: Mrs. Estes