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Cold War


State of tension that existed between the U. S. and the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1991 Cold War
Law passed by Congress after World War II to give benefits in housing, schooling, and jobs to returning veterans GI Bill of Rights
A military alliance of the noncommunist Western European nations and the United States NATO
A military alliance of the communist Eastern European nations and the Soviet Union Warsaw Pact
The U. S. policy to prevent communist governments from spreading to nations around the world. This policy was begun by President Harry Truman after World War II and continued until the fall of communism in 1991. Containment
A war for control of Korea fought with the Communist Chinese and North Korea against democratic South Korea and the U. S. The war ended in a stalemate. Korean War
Crisis that occurred when the Soviet Union placed missiles that could attack the United States in Communist Cuba. The crisis ended when the U.S. blockaded Cuba and the Soviet Union removed the missiles. Cuban Missile Crisis
A war for control of Vietnam fought with Communist North Vietnam against South Vietnam which was aided by the United States. Vietnam War
The belief that if South Vietnam fell to communist take-over then all of the countries near it would also become communist nations. Domino Theory
Wall built between communist East Berlin and democratic West Berlin by the communist government of East Germany Berlin Wall
The United States and the Soviet Unions were superpowers who opposed each other's political ideals during the Cold War. Superpowers
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Large increase in the number of babies born after World War II, lasting until 1964. Baby Boom
System of four to eight lane superhighways built after World War II across the U. S. Interstate Highway System
Leader in the fight for human rights and women's rights. Mrs. Roosevelt was the widow of Franklin Roosevelt and our first ambassador to the United Nations. Eleanor Roosevelt
Process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races Desegregation
Linking of nations through trade, information, technologies, and communication. Globalization
Much of Europe was in ruins following World War II
Soviet forces occupied most of_____ and_____ Europe and the eastern portion of_____. Eastern, Central, Germany
The _____ felt it was in its best interest to help rebuild_____ and prevent political and_____ instability United States, Europe, economic
The United States instituted the _____ to rebuild Europe, which provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of_____. Marshall Plan, communism
_____ was partitioned into East and West _____. Germany, Germany
West_____ became democratic and resumed self-government after a few years of American, British, and French occupation. Germany
East_____ remained under the domination of the _____ and did not adopt democratic institutions. Germany, Soviet Union
Following its defeat,_____ was occupied by American forces. It soon adopted a_____ form of government, resumed self-government, and became a strong_____ of the United States. Japan, democratic, ally
The _____ was formed near the end of World War II to create a body for the nations of the world to try to prevent future global wars. United Nations
Learning from the mistakes of the past, the United States accepted its role as a world_____, helping to rebuild Europe and Japan and taking the leading role in establishing the _____. superpower, United Nations
Following World War II, Americans prospered due to an expanding_____ stimulated by America’s involvement in the war. economy
With_____ of consumer goods over, businesses converted from production of war materials to_____. rationing, consumer goods
Americans purchased goods on_____. credit
The work force shifted back to_____, and most women returned full time to _____ responsibilities. men, family
_____ merged and became more powerful; workers gained new benefits and higher_____. Labor unions, salaries
As_____ prosperity continued and _____ boomed, the next generation of_____ entered the labor force in large numbers. economic, technology, women
Production of consumer goods, purchase goods on credit. men = workforce & women = family/home, labor unions get higher salaries, economic prosperity & technology boom Reasons for rapid growth of the American economy following World War II
The United States and the Soviet Union emerged from World War II as _____, triggering a rivalry over_____ and national_____. world powers, ideology, security
Since World War II, the United States has been directly involved in various conflicts that reflected the divisions created by _____ tensions and hostilities. Cold War
The tension between the _____ and the_____ world caused divisiveness at home and abroad. free world, communist
The Cold War was the central organizing principle in foreign affairs for_____ years. 40
Differences in goals and ideologies between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States was_____ and capitalist; the Soviet Union was _____ and _____. democratic, dictatorial, communist
_____ domination over Eastern European countries Soviet Union
American policy of____ is to stop the spread of communism. containment
Different ideologies, Soviet Union's domination over Easter European countries, America's policy of containment, & Nato verses Warsaw Pact were all_____. Origins of the Cold War
South Korea and the United States resisted_____ and _____ aggression. The conflict ended in a_____. Chinese, North Korean, stalemate
The _____ occurred when the Soviet Union placed missiles in_____. The Soviets removed the missiles in response to a U.S. blockade of_____. Cuban Missile Crisis, Cuba, Cuba
The United States intervened to stop the spread of_____ into South Vietnam, (_____). Americans were divided over whether the United States should be involved militarily in Vietnam. The conflict ended in a cease-fire agreement in which U.S. troops. communism, Domino Theory
The breakup of the Soviet Union into independent countries and the destruction of the Berlin Wall lead to the _____ Collapse of communism in Europe
The following were all _______ • Role of United States military intervention • Environmental challenges • Global issues, including trade, jobs, diseases, energy New challenges
Changing patterns in American society since the end of World War II changed the way most Americans_____ and _____. lived, worked
Strong economy, investment in education, "Baby Boom", interstate highway system, evolving role of women Factors leading to changing patterns in United States society
Role of _____ in expanding human rights Eleanor Roosevelt
African Americans’ aspirations for_____ opportunities equal
Policies and programs expanding_____ and_____ opportunities educational, employment
_____ desegregated the armed forces. Truman
_____ legislation led to increased educational, economic, and political opportunities for women and minorities. Civil Rights
Between the end of World War II and the present, the world has been marked by an increase in _____ and _____. globalization, interdependence
_____ is the linking of nations through trade, information, technologies, and communication. Globalization
_____ involves increased integration of different societies. Globalization
* Improvement of all communications (e.g., travel, telecommunications, Internet) • Availability of a wide variety of foreign-made goods and services • Outsourcing of jobs Impact of globalization on American life
Created by: Mrs. Estes
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