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Ancient Civilisations Test

What is the name of the major river that runs through Egypt? the Nile.
What crop did the Ancient Egyptians grow to make linen / clothing? Flax.
What is the name of the famous boy King whose tomb was discovered in 1922? Tutankhamun.
What was another title given to the first Pharaoh? Lord of Two Lands
What is the name of the process of preserving a dead body? Mummification.
What does the acronyms AD and /or CE mean? Anno Domini (After Death) or Common Era.
What were the symbols used in Ancient Egyptian writing called? Hieroglyphs / Hieroglyphics.
What was the first time period of Ancient Egypt? Pre-dynastic 3500BC – 3100 BC.
What are the 3 seasons in theAncient Egyptian farming calendar? Akhet (Summer) - flooding, Peret (Winter) - planting and Shemu (Spring) – harvest.
Who were the record keepers of Ancient Egypt, these people could read and write? Scribes.
Why were some of the royal tombs hidden? To avoid robbery, confuse tomb raiders.
What did an anthropologist do? Studied humans in societies both past and present.
What is a shaduf? A hand operated device that was used to lift water for irrigation.
What does Anno Domini mean? In the year of our lord.
The main organs; stomach, intestines, lungs and liver were removed from the body and placed in what during preservation before mummification? Canopic jars
How many intermediate periods were there in Ancient Egypt? Three.
Why did the Ancient Egyptians consider the Nile a gift?? Barrier to enemies, flooding allowed them to grow their crops, kept the black lands fertile, a source for food- fish or foul birds, transportation, trading goods along the Nile, source of fresh water for drinking / bathing / recreation.
Who was the female pharaoh when Ancient Egypt was taken over and cased to exist? Cleopatra IV.
What was the name of the Pharaoh’s crook? Heka.
What was the name of the female Pharaoh whose step son is accused of trying to erase her from history? Hatshepsut.
What was a vizier? A high priest, the highest official – trusted advisor to the Pharaoh.
What was the name of the apron that the Pharaoh wore? Shemset.
What does the acronyms BC and/or BCE mean? Before Christ or Before Common Era.
What is another name for the craftsmen? Artisans.
What is a delta? A low lying fertile area, where a river meets a sea or ocean, usually looks triangular in shape.
What was the final time period of Ancient Egypt? Late Period 750 – 350 BC.
What did the term Ma’at mean? Truth, balance, order and justice it also referenced harmony, law and morality.
How did the Ancient Egyptian civilisation come to an end? Invaders overtook it.
What is the term used to describe an agreement for the exchange if goods with someone else? Bartering.
The structure of Egyptian society was known as a... Hierarchy.
What was the infertile lands of Egypt called? Red lands.
Which God is believed to have lived in the Pharaoh? Horus.
What it the other name given to Hapi the God of the Nile flood? The running one - also known as the God of inundation.
What is the term used to describe a family or rulers? Dynasty.
Who was responsible for governing a region of Egypt, as entrusted by the Pharaoh? the Nomarch.
What is a nilometer? A nilometer was a structure for measuring the Nile River's clarity and water level during the annual flood season.
What is silt? Earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried by moving or running water and deposited as sediment.
Created by: smtaylor
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