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world studies ch. 11

bju world studies ch. 11

TermDefinition
Abbas second founder of the Safavid dynasty; strong leader
Akbar Most effective Mughal ruler; came into power at age 13; grandson of Babur
Babur Muslim leader; established the Mughal dynasty; descendant of Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane; directed his forces to conduct jihad and gained control of Northern India
Chengzu third emperor of the Ming dynasty; collected a literary treasure; reversed Taizu's policy of preventing naval expansion
MehmetII ruled Ottoman empire from 1451-1481; led forces against Constantinople
Shah Ismail I founded the Safavid dynasty
Taizu founded the Ming dynasty; set policy to prevent naval expansion
Zheng He admiral of a large Chinese fleet; under Ming dynasty
Yuan dynasty Mongolian rule of China
Ming dynasty repaired Great Wall; built the Imperial City; restored the Grand Canal; weak leadership led to their decline and made them vulnerable to attack
Ottoman Empire built a strong empire that lasted 6 centuries; required Jews and Christians to pay an annual tax; used military techniques similar to those of the Mongols; initially dominated by Turks; original location was Anatolia; defeated Constantinople in 1453
Manchu tried to be like those they conquered; seized power of Constantinople in 1453
Safavid empire followed the Shia interpretation of Islam;
British East India Company English joint-stock company; ruled large areas of India; rule was not effective
Mughal conquered India
Constantinople defeated by the Ottomans in 1453; was renamed Istanbul
Landscapes nature scenes; popular art during the Ming dynasty
Ottomans' military success due to use of small cannons and muskets, tactic of pretend retreat, and use of Arabian horses
Imperial absolutism in China used secret police; public beatings of those who resisted; supreme power of emperor
Results of China's isolation Manchus cut trade off tot he west; west was unable to receive Chinese goods; China was unable to receive new technologies and learning from the west; China fell behind in these areas
Created by: rengaw
 

 



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