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ID Final Semester 2

TermDefinition
_________ is derived from the Greek word kyklos, meaning circle Ku Klux
______ was added to symbolize a band of brothers Klan
the KKK was founded in _________ on Christmas Eve 1865 by six ex-confederates Pulaski, Tennessee
___________ became the first Grand Dragon Nathan Bedford Forrest
Force Act of 1870 and Civil Rights Act of 1871, passed by ______, diminished the Klan U.S. Grant
End of ___________ allowed the Klan to survive Reconstruction
experienced two resurgences in the 1920's and 1060's KKK
George Armstrong Custer was a 1861 graduate of West Point, known as ____________ which stand for last in class. "The Goat"
he was the Youngest Brevet Brigadier General in Civil War George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer was present at Lee's surrender at ____________. Appomattox
he led the 7th Calvary in Plains Indians Wars George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer violated treaty with _______________ in 1874. He was looking for ______. Black Hills Expedition; gold
George Armstrong Custer engaged Natives at __________________ in 1876 Little Big Horn, Montana
When George A. Custer engaged Natives at Little Big Horn, MT and became known as ____________ Custer's Last Stand
he was a rider for the Pony Express at 14 "Buffalo Bill" Cody
Buffalo Bill Cody served for the _______ during the Civil War Union
Buffalo Bill Cody was a scout for the ______________ in the Indian Wars United States Army
became a Medal of Honor winner in 1872 at the young age of 26 Buffalo Bill Cody
Annie Oakley and Sitting Bull were main attractions Buffalo Bill Cody
Buffalo Bill Cody was a major influence on how __________ was portrayed during the 20th century The West
Sitting Bull was the _________ Indian Chief Lakota
United the Sioux after gold was found in the Black Hills of South Dakota Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull and _______ defeated Custer at Little Big Horn, then fled to Canada Crazy Horse
returned to the U.S. and surrendered to authorities when U.S. Army starved his people Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull joined _________'s Wild West after being freed Buffalo Bill Cody
popularized Ghost Dance late in life, leading to U.S. government warrant for arrest Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull was shot by _____ while being arrested Indian Agents
he was the founder of Standard Oil in Cleveland John D. Rockefeller
Rockefeller hired a replacement soldier to fight in his place during the __________ Civil War
Rockefeller built _______________ into monopoly (90%) after war which was eventually broken by Kenesaw Moutain Landis in 1907 Standard Oil
When Rockefeller built Standard oil into monopoly after the war, who broke it in 1907? Kenesaw Mountain Landis
the 1st American worth more than $1 billion John D. Rockefeller
adjusted for inflation he is the richest man in history at $663.4 billion John D. Rockefeller
Rockefeller began targeted philanthropy - Yellow fever and founding of ____________________. University of Chicago
believer in social Darwinism John D. Rockefeller
Andrew Carnegie was born in __________ 1835 Scotland
Andrew Carnegie came to the United States with his parents at the age of _______ 13
Carnegie revolutionized steel production with _________ while beginning Carnegie Steel in Pittsburgh Bessemer Process
wrote "Gospel of Wealth" encouraging rich to help the poor Andrew Carnegie
sold his business to J.P. Morgan for $480 million - $20+ billion today Andrew Carnegie
Carnegie turned to philanthropy building hundreds of _______ across the U.S. libraries
Carnegie is known as the ________ American story "rags to riches"
Thomas Edison is known as the Wizard of ___________. Menlo Park
partially deaf due to Scarlet Fever as a child-conductor myth Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison obtained only __________ of formal schooling three months
prolific inventor with a staggering 1093 patents Thomas Edison
his inventions are the phonograph, movies, and the light bulb Thomas Edison
proponent of D/C current, building the first power plant in Manhattan Thomas Edison
Edison electrocuted animals - ______________- to show the dangers of A/C current Topsy the Elephant
he was credited with the 1st industrial research laboratory Thomas Edison
Nikola Tesla was an immigrant from _______, became U.S. citizen at age 35 Serbia
worked for Edison Nikola Tesla
Tesla's belief in A/C current led to ______________ with Edison War of Currents
partnered with George Westinghouse to build power plant at Niagria Falls Nikola Tesla
Tesla displayed A/C current at ____________ in Chicago in 1893 World Columbian Exposition
proposed the idea of wireless lightning Nikola Tesla
Tesla used the ______________ Tower in which used the earth as a conductor to send messages wirelessly Wardenclyffe
Ellis Island replaced the Castle at ______________ in lower Manhattan Battery Park
was a gateway for 12 million immigrants from 1892-1954 Ellis Island
Ellis Island's original building burned and was replaced by ___________ structure in 1900 fireproof
Ellis Island grew from 3 to _____ acres due to land reclamation from subway dirt. 27
made part of Statue monument in 1965 and became a museum in 1990 Ellis Island
1998 Supreme Court Case said the majority of ______________ is actually located in New Jersey Ellis Island
40% of Americans can trace their ancestry back to ______________. Ellis Island
the Statue of Liberty was designed by __________ as a gift from France, 1886 Frederic Auguste Bartholdi
located on former's Bedloe's Island Statue of Liberty
Fort Wood and its eleven points provides the base of the statue Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty's arm displayed in ____________ from 1876-1882 to raise money New York City
who raised money for the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty? Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World
first New York City ticker tape parade was held for dedication Statue of Liberty
restored in 1986 in centennial with new gold torch (two pennies thick) Statue of Liberty
armored cruiser and first named after state of Maine U.S.S. Maine
U.S.S. Maine was built in response to naval buildup in Latin America, _________ specifically Brazil
out of date by time it was commissioned U.S.S. Maine
U.S.S. Maine was sent to _______ to protect U.S. interests during Cuban revolt against Spain Havana
exploded and lost 3/4 of its crew, 260 people U.S.S. Maine
"Yellow Press" led by Pulitzer and Hearst accused Spanish of sabotage (untrue) U.S.S Maine
U.S.S. Maine - catchphrase _______________ led America to war "Remember the Maine, to Hell with Spain"
26th and youngest president Teddy Roosevelt
Teddy Roosevelt was a progressive Republican known for his ________________ cowboy persona
gained fame with Rough Riders in Spanish-American War at San Juan Hill Teddy Roosevelt
Roosevelt took office after ______________'s assassination McKinley's
promoted the "square deal" Teddy Roosevelt
Roosevelt famous saying ________________________. "speak softly and carry a big stick"
ran on Bull Moose ticket in 1912 Teddy Roosevelt
Roosevelt is one of four presidents on ____________________________. Mount Rushmore
son of Swiss-German speaking parents Eddie Rickenbacker
Rickenbacker was credited with 26 kills, many of them _____________________. Fokker D VII
raced in the Indy 500 four times Eddie Rickenbacker
Rickenbacker owned ______________________________________ from 1927-1945, sold to the Hulman Family Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Rickenbacker was instrumental in development of ____________ and industry Easter Airlines
survived twenty-four days at sea during WWII after B-17 ditched Eddie Rickenbacker
Rickenbacker was a _________________ winner and appeared on 1995 postage stamp. Medal of Honor
Alvin York was known as ______________________. Sergeant York
killed 20, captured 132 men while earning Medal of Honor Alvin York
Alvin York was part of group in charge of breaking the _________________ under the command of Ferdinand Foch Hindenburg Line
went unnoticed until Saturday Evening Post article in April, 1919 Alvin York
Alvin York, although was uneducated, he was celebrated as a ______________________. mountaineer, patriotic, and plainspoken
set up foundation to educate youth in Tennessee Alvin York
Alvin York was portrayed by _______ in 1941 film Gary Cooper
prominent progressive reformer Jane Adams
Jane Adams visited the London settlement house ______________ in 1887 Townbee
acquired businessman Charles Hull's residence, built in 1856 Jane Adams
Jane Adams opened _____________ in Chicago in 1889 Hull House
college for women who lived on grounds and taught immigrants Jane Adams
Jane Adams focused on the 3 R's, __________________________. residence, research, and reform
First American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 Jane Adams
pioneer in sex education and birth control Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger wrote article in 1912 called ______. "What Every Girl Should Know"
violated of Comstock Act against absence and immoral literature Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger fled her country to _______ in 1915 London
returned in 1916 and opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S. Margaret Sanger
Margaret Sanger formed the __________________________,, the forerunner to Planned Parenthood American Birth Control League
believer in the magic pill and eugenics Margaret Sanger
written by Upton Sinclair in 1906 The Jungle
The Jungle was labeled by critics as the ________________________ of wage slavery Uncle Tom's Cabin
first appeared as serial in socialist newspaper Appeal to Reason in 1905 The Jungle
Sinclair, the author of The Jungle, was a ______________, a person who uncovered social justices muckraker
this book focused on working class poverty and living conditions in Chicago The Jungle
public focused on food production, not workers as Sinclair intended The Jungle
pure food and Drug Act established by Teddy Roosevelt in response (Food and Drug Admin.) The Jungle
Negro Leagues- ___________ was excluded from major leagues in 1884 (Toledo-American Assoc.) Moses Fleetwood Walker
Cuban Giants became first professional black team in 1885 Negro Leagues
formed in 1920 Negro Leagues
the 20's were known as the ___________________. Golden Age
___________ inclusion led to downfall of the Negro Leagues Robinson
folded in 1951 Negro Leagues
Negro Leagues- ______________________ continued to play exhibition games until the 1980's Indianapolis Clowns
Babe Ruth was known as _______________, _________________, and ________________ Sultan of Swat, Colossal of Clout, and Big Bambino
won 3 World Series as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth was sold to ________ in 1919 Yankees
becomes greatest power hitter ever Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth hits ____ homeruns in 1927 60
led to resurrection of game in 1920's after Black Sea Scandal Babe Ruth
he is 1 of 5 original inductees to Hall of Fame in 1936 (Cobb, Wagner, Mathewson, & Johnson) Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth died of ________ in 1948 throat cancer
Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly across the _________, from Newfoundland to Ireland in 1932 Atlantic Ocean
Earhart attended __________ to become a doctor but dropped out Columbia University
member of female pilot group Ninety-Nines Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart was part of _____- __________ flight in 1928 Trans-Atlantic
member of Purdue's faculty in 1935 Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart disappeared about 22,000 miles into 29,000 mile ______ to _______ flight around globe in Pacific in 1937 West to East
her body was never found, some believe she was one o the Tokyo Rose's during WWII Amelia Earhart
the youngest of 10 children Jesse Owens (James Cleveland Owens)
his nickname is J.C. was misunderstood by a teacher to be _______ Jesse (Jesse Owens)
Jesse Owens family moved to _________ during the Great Migration Cleveland
Jesse Owens became the _______ while attending Ohio State University "Buckeye Bullet"
set 3 world records and tied one during forty-five minute period of 1935 Big Ten track meet Jesse Owens
Owens won ____ gold medals at 1936 Berlin Olympics 4
Owens defeated __________________, Jackie's brother, in 200 meter race Mack Robinson
Owens destroyed _________ Aryan Myth Hitler's
Joe Louis is known as the _________. "Brown Bomber"
first loss came in title bout with German Max Schmeling in 1936 (12 rounds) Joe Louis
Joe Louis beat ______________ to win title in 1937 - Cinderella Man J.J. Braddock
Joe Louis, before his second Schmeling fight, FDR told Joe ______________________________. "We need muscles like yours to beat Germany"
beat Schmeling in 1st round in famous rematch at Yankee Stadium in 1938 Joe Louis
held heavyweight title for longest time in history from 1937-1949 Joe Louis
Joe Louis defended title twenty-five consecutive times in what became known as _____________________. "Bum of the Month"
first black superstar Joe Louis
first director of FBI, 1935-1972 (also led precursor to FBI from 1924-1935) J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover centralized _______ and forensic data fingerprint
J. Edgar Hoover was instrumental in pursuit of 1930's ___________ bank robbers
criticized for illegal methods J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover kept secret files and exerted pressure on ____________. politicians
tracked subversive civilians- John Lennon J. Edgar Hoover
rumors of homosexuality but used sexuality against others J. Edgar Hoover
public attracted to _________________ due to sex appeal Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow
killed first man while in prison after being sexually assaulted with a lead pipe Clyde Barrow (Bonnie and Clyde)
preferred to rob gas stations and small stores Bonnie and Clyde
Bonnie and Clyde robbed 12 banks, killed ____ officers and several civilians 9
public opinion turned after 2 officers were gunned down in Texas Grapevine Killings Bonnie and Clyde
Bonnie and Clyde were killed in ________ by Texas and Louisiana Law enforcement on May 23, 1934 Louisiana
Bonnie and Clyde revived by film starring __________________________ Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty
John Dillinger was born in _____________ in 1903 Indianapolis
served nine and a half year prison term for armed robbery John Dillinger
After ______________'s sentence, robbed 24 banks and 4 police stations in a year John Dillinger's
John Dillinger broke out of jail ______ and killed 13 people twice
FBI founded because of ________ "Public Enemy #1" John Dillinger
______________, the woman in red, betrayed John Dillinger Ana Campanas
John Dillinger was shot and killed at ______________ in Chicago on July 22, 1934. Biograph Theatre
Rosie the Riveter's name became popular through a 1942 song by ____________________, performed by the Four Vagabonds Redd Evans and John Loeb
was a combination of two real people Rosie the Riveter
______________ carried the nickname Rosie the Riveter while working at Convair in San Diego. Rosie Bonavitas
the image for the poster was patterned after Veronica Foster of Canada Rosie the Riveter
because of Rosie the Riveter, _________ factory workers jumped from 12 million in 1940 to 20 million in 1944 women
two and a half time more women in factories than men Rosie the Riveter
women received only 60% of pay, $31 to $53 per week Rosie the Riveter
______________ opened in 2000 in Richmond, California honoring Rosie historical park
Pennsylvania Class battleship built in 1915 and named after 48th state U.S.S. Arizona
U.S.S. Arizona 2nd and _____ of super dreadnoughts built last
U.S.S. Arizona did not see action in _____ WWI
helped escort President Woodrow Wilson to Paris for Versailles Treaty U.S.S. Arizona
U.S.S. Arizona was extensively modernized from _____________. 1929-1931
sunk at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 U.S.S. Arizona
1,177 people died aboard the __________, half of those lost at Pearl Harbor U.S.S. Arizona
U.S.S. Arizona was left at the bottom of the harbor, a __________ its remains was dedicated on May 30, 1962 memorial covering
FDR was governor of ____________ prior to becoming president, residence at Hyde Park on Hudson is National Historic Site New York
FDR is the _____ president and only president to serve more than eight years (12+), elected four times 32nd
contracted polio at age 39 prior to being president FDR
FDR helped found the ____________________. National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis- March of Dimes
champion of the New Deal FDR
FDR became the _________ as we funded Allies prior to direct involvements "arsenal of democracy"
led the U.S. into WWII w Pearl Harbor "Date of Infamy" Speech FDR
34th president of the United States, 1953-1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower, 5-star general during WWII, led the preparation and invasion force at Normandy known as ____________________ Operation Overlord
he was the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces during WWII Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower ran for president with slogan ___________ (seven brothers) I Like Ike
Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed the _______ as it relates to communism- Vietnam Domino Theory
believed in Nuclear Deterrent as opposed to ground forces Dwight D. Eisenhower
started the Interstate Highway System Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower began _________, NASA, and was president during the Little Rock Nine controversy Air Force I
George S. Patton, was a graduate of ______________________ and 1912 Olympian, finished 5th out of 42 in the modern pentathlon Virginia Military Institute
participated in first ever battle using autos against Pancho Villa in Mexico George S. Patton
George S. Patton was a member of U.S. tank corps in _______. WWI
commanded 3rd Army after Normandy invasion and instrumental in saving U.S. troops at Bastogne George S. Patton
George S. Patton is known for his toughness, the slap and ___________ speech "No Dumb Bastard"
George S. Patton portrayed by ___________ in 1970 movie Patton- refused best actor award George C. Scott
died in auto accident after war in Germany George S. Patton
Douglas MacArthur graduated first in his class at _____ in 1903 West Point
was Army Chief of Staff during the 1930'a Douglas MacArthur
D. MacArthur uttered the famous line ___________ as he left the Philippines in 1941 "I Shall Return"
he and his father, Arthur MacArthur, were the first father and son to win the Medal of Honor Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur accepted the ______________ to end WWII aboard the U.S.S. Missouri Japanese surrender
removed as commander of U.S. troops in Korea in 1951 after dispute with Truman Douglas MacArthur
Elvis Presley is known simply as ___________ The King
Presley was signed by the legendary ___________ of Sun Records in Memphis, TN Sam Phillips
made rockabilly popular, the combination of blues and country music Presley
Elvis Presley's first hit was ______________. "Heartbreak Hotel"
Presley became star after appearances on ______________________. Milton Berle and Ed Sullivan
___________ nickname and TV legend "Elvis the Pelvis"
best-selling solo artist of all-time Elvis Presley
Presley died of _____________ on August 16, 1977 prescription drug overdose
meteoric rise in the movies made him the first teen cult icon James Dean
James Dean was born in Marion, IN and his family moved to _________________ when he was 2. Santa Monica, CA
moved back to Fairmount, IN at age 9 to be raised by aunt and uncle James Dean
James Dean appeared in 3 movies during 1955, 1956 - _________, _________, __________ Giant, East of Eden, and Rebel without a Cause
James Dean was killed while driving his ____________ on CA highway - mechanic survived Porsche 550 Spyder
filmed PSA shortly before death on driver safety saying the line "the life you might save might be mine" James Dean
James Dean received ____________ nominations after death 2 Oscar
congress called her the "First Lady of Civil Rights" Rosa Parks
Parks attempted to end segregation on ____________________ buses Montgomery, AL
Parks entered _______________ bus, a driver since 1943 James Blake's
3 other blacks gave their seats to whites, her refusal started the Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks
Parks became a receptionist for Representative _____________ of Michigan from 1965-1988 John Conyers
received congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom from Bill Clinton in 1999 Rosa Parks
Park died of ____ dementia
Malcolm X was born as __________ in Nebraska Malcolm Little
spent time in jail for attempted robbery Malcolm X
Malcolm X as an adult reformed and became a _______________ and activist Muslim minister
became the leader of the Nation of Islam Malcolm X
Malcolm X preached of ________ violent resistance and Black power
Malcolm X's _______, holy trip to Mecca, changed his approach to that of pacifism hajj
militant leaders of the NOI disagreed with new approach and assassinated him in 1965 Malcolm X
most prominent civil rights leader of the 1960's encouraged civil disobedience style of protest Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an ______ reached millions of people through his ministry and speeches activist
helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a civil rights group Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was instrumental in the ___________________, March on Washington, and Selma Voting March Montgomery Bus Boycott
his famous speech is "I Have a Dream" and eventually led to a Nobel Peace Prize Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated by _______________________ in Memphis at the Lorraine Motel in 1968 James Earl Ray
his birthday has become a national holiday Martin Luther King, Jr.
marine pilot and member of NASA's original astronauts, Mercury 7 John Glenn
John Glenn became the first American to ___________, making three of scheduled seven laps around earth orbit earth
named his rocket Friendship 7 John Glenn
John Glenn was awarded the___________ Presidential Medal of Freedom
after retiring from the astronaut corps, he became the U.S. Senator from Ohio John Glenn
John Glenn returned to space in 1998 aboard the ________________ at age 77 Space Shuttle Discovery
he was the last living member of the Mercury 7, dying on December 8, 2016 at age 95 John Glenn
he and John Glenn were born and raised in Ohio Neil Armstrong
Neil Armstrong was pilot in the Navy during the _______________ Korean War
attended Purdue University, Astronaut U, graduating with a degree in engineering Neil Armstrong
Neil Armstrong resigned as a test pilot in 1960 and joined ________ in 1962 as part of Next Nine NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Admin.)
became the first civilian in space on Gemini 8 Neil Armstrong
Neil Armstrong was the first human to set foot on moon during the ______________ mission with Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins Apollo 11
"that's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind" Neil Armstrong
Armstrong was awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom by ___________________ President Nixon
was the nexus of 1960's counterculture Woodstock
Woodstock was advertised as _____________________________ by promoters "Three Days of Peace and Music"
Woodstock concert took place on August 1969 in the ___________________ about 50 miles northwest of New York City Catskill Mountains
the Woodstock venue was held on __________ diary farm Max Yasgur's
CCR was the first act to sign for $10,000 - other acts were The Who, Crosby Stills, Nash, and Janice Joplin Woodstock
Woodstock had 32 acts in all and played during the rain - plagued event, ending with ______________ version of National Anthem Jimi Hendrix's
approximately 400,000 attended "free" concert Woodstock
Created by: Elisabetmiguel