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Causes of Civil War

Vocabulary 8.1

TermDefinition
Confederacy The Southern states that seceded from the Union in February 1861 and formed the Confederate States of America
Battle of Bull Run The first major battle of the Civil War in 1861
The Battle of Antietam The single bloodiest day of the Civil War in 1862
Emancipation Proclamation A document that formally emancipated, or freed, all slaves in Confederate areas not under Union control
Battle of Gettysburg Known as the turning point of the Civil War
Battle of Vicksburg Marked the beginning of the end for the Confederacy
John Brown A leader of the abolitionist cause who led the raid on "Harper's Ferry" in 1859
Harper's Ferry Raid An event in 1859 in which John Brown led a violent uprising and took over a government weapons storage buildings and hostages in Harper's Ferry in western Virginia
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 A law passed in 1850 that required a runaway slave be returned to his or her "owner" by anyone coming in contact with a slave that has fled to freedom
Bleeding Kansas 1854-1861 Became the center of violence and many people were killed because of the issue of slavery
Uncle Tom's Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, this book highlighted the awful conditions under which slaves lived and angered people in the North and people in the South
Harriet Beecher Stowe Author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" which highlighted the awful conditions under which slaves lived and angered people in the North and people in the South
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 Created two territories: Kansas and Nebraska
Sumner Brooks incident of 1856 Representative Preston Brooks, from the South, attacked Senator Charles Sumne, from the North, on the Senate floor over an anti-slavery speech given by Senator Sumner
Dred Scott decision of 1857 The Supreme Court said that slaves were property and had no rights in court
Abraham Lincoln A Republican, elected as President of the United States in the election of 1860