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Part 1

study guide

TermDefinition
FDR’s main goals in fighting the depression relief for needy, economic recovery, and financial reform *reform recovery and relief
Years for the Great Depression 1929-1939 *1930s
Causes of the Great Depression stock market crashes, bank failures, the drought, lack of consumers *drought and dust bowl, overproduction of goods, consumer debt, stock market crash
New Deal a program designed to alleviate the problems of the depression *a series of laws and programs to help end the great depression
Shanty Towns little towns consisting of shacks *hoovervills
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? World War II
Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact the addressed the public's concerns and explained aspects of the new deal and what Roosevelt was trying to do to help *the informal radio broadcasts made FDR seem compassionate and responsive
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover they blamed Hoover for the depression due to his lack of action and put their hope in Roosevelt and his new deal *warmth and promise of the new deal
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history? It changed the government's role in the US and provided more support in the economic downfall of the country * it used government programs to improve the lives of citizens
Holocaust destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, especially caused by fire or nuclear war *the violent deaths of a large number of people
how many Jews were killed in the Holocaust? 6 million
other groups killed in the holocaust poles, soviet slavs, soviet POWs, serbs, disabled, romani, freemasons, slovenes, homosexuals, jehovahs witnesses, spanish reublicans *gypsy and homosexuals
What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps? Jews *Jehovah Witness
Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live? specific areas in German cities called Jewish Houses *ghettos
genocide the deliberate killing of a group of people especially that of a particular ethnic group or nation *killing members of a group and preventing births within the group
What happened to Hitler in the end? he killed himself
In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews? cremation, starvation, exhaustion, disease, guns *starvation
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? *men women and children and the elderly were separated from each other
Holocaust and ​annihilation *gas chambers, gun massacre, beaten to death
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? *Nuremberg Laws
Democracy *government by the people
Fascism *a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power
Blitzkrieg *a form of a military attack
Kamikaze *Japanese suicide pilots
Axis Powers *Italy, Germany, Japan
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? citizens felt dragged into WWI, citizens felt they should focus on problems at home, and Congress passed laws preventing involvement
Pearl Harbor events pacific fleet crippled, sunday Dec 7 1941, about 3,00 americans were killed
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? germany invaded poland
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? pearl harbor
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? marshall plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? US is Capitalist
Baby Boom it affected the demographics of US society. it refers to increase of babies born in 1945-1963 because men came home from war
​Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​ both had political and economic ideologies, both were completing in the arms and space race, and both formed military alliances
Cold War time period 1945-1991
Cuban Missile Crisis the 1962 confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union that almost escalated into a third world war
​A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ ​ cold war
The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s vietnam war
How did women help in WWII *among other things they joined the military worked factories and nurses
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? *nonviolent protests
Freedom Riders *they brought about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities
Malcolm X he appealed to many African Americans anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power and preached a militant approach to civil rights
Sit-Ins *Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments to serve African Americans
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. *Many had long been deprived of civil rights and MLKJ's speech during the March on Washington, in August 1963, appealed to African Americans
​Vietnamization​ *President Nixon
McCarthyism *the term given for the mass fear and hysteria about possible communists in the US after WWII
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 *created 41,000 miles of expressways to connect major american cities stimulating the economy, shortening travel time, encouraging urban growth along major travel arteries, and gave us independence
​The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel *North and South Korea
​Watergate​ * based on the outcome of the Watergate investigation and the subsequent resignation of President Nixon, many have used the scandal to point out the success of the constitution as a living document that applies to all Americans
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? *He didn't want to lose any more american troops by launching a direct land invasion of japan
​The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project The American development of atomic bomb
Created by: Lauren80845