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Klabunde History 11


Britain ruled Iraq and Palestine as MANDATES on behalf of the League of Nations but did not own the territory after WWI
Soviets: councils composed of representatives from the workers and soldiers
Serbs were outraged when Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina because: they hoped to build a large Slavic nation
Germany was unhappy with Article 231 because: it declared that Germany and her allies were responsible for starting the war
WWI was Total War because: it involved a complete mobilization of resources and people
Schlieffen Plan: Germany's plan to avoid a two front war
Adam Smith believed in Laissez-faire economic system which is: the government should not intervene in the economy
Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire
Lenin's attempt to end Russia's involvement in the war: signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany, which gave up much Russian territory
Date the armistice was signed: 11/11/1918
First Battle of the Marne: put an end to the Schlieffen Plan and began trench warfare
Militarism: aggressive preparation for war
The Red Army: was victorious in the Russian civil war
In 1914, this was considered an act of war: mobilization of a nation's army (assembling troops and supplies for war)
Theory of Social Darwinism: states that social progress comes from the struggle for survival as the fit advance and the weak decline.
The United States joined the Allies in fighting WWI because of: the Germans' use of unrestricted submarine warfare (the sinking of the Lusitania)
The Bolsheviks became a party dedicated to violent revolution under the leadership of: V. I. Lenin
Treaty of Versailles: treaty signed with Germany that many Germans felt was a harsh punishment
The Industrial Revolution began in: Great Britain in the late 1700's
Responsible for the death of Francis Ferdinand and the start of WWI: a Serbian Nationalist (Gavrilo Princip)
Sigmund Freud is considered the father of: Psycho analysis
Motives for Imperialization: economic motives, Social Darwinism, political power (NOT internal harmony)
Joseph Stalin launched the great purge which was: a campaign of terror directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power
the Big Four: France, United States, Italy and Great Britain
Wilson' s plan for peace: Fourteen Points
Wilson's provisions for the formation of a peace-keeping association of nations: the League of Nations; became a world organization created at the Paris Peace Conference
William II was forced to step down and leave Germany because: the Allies would not negotiate with the imperial government of Germany and the people had become disillusioned
Triple Entente (not Triple Alliance): France, Great Britain, Russia in 1907
Limiting the size of the German military was: a provision of the Treaty of Versailles
in August 1914 Britain officially declared war against Germany because: Germany violated the neutrality of Belgium
Battle of the Marne: Germany defeated the French (early in the war)
Lusitania: a passenger ship that Germany sunk and caused the United States to become angry toward Germany
Totalitarianism: form of government in which the national government takes control of all aspects of both public and private life
Zionism: movement to create a Jewish state
Self Determination: the right of each people to have its own nation
War of attrition: wearing the other side down with constant attacks
Wilhelm II German Kaiser
Propaganda: the spread of ideas to influence public opinion for or against a cause
Grigori Rasputin: Siberian peasant who influenced Alexandra; holy man; claimed to have magical healing powers
The Western Front was: characterized by trench warfare which kept both sides in almost the same position for four years; Battle of Marne
The Eastern Front was: Mobile; Battle of Tanninberg; German victory
V.I. Lenin was known as "Father of the Revolution; goal was to promote a world wide Communist revolution led by workers
Battle of Somme (one of the most bitter and costly battles of WW1): tanks were first introduced
Karl Marx wrote: The COMMUNIST Manifesto
Germany 1860: no longer unified; many people left Germany because they were unsatisfied
Created by: maplelakesped
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