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Civil War Vocab

A study stack on terms related to the Civil War.

TermDefinition
Sectionalism Promoting the interests of a section or region instead of the entire country.
Fugitive A person who has escaped from a place or is in hiding, especially to avoid arrest or persecution. (A runaway slave)
Secede Withdrawal from the Federal government of the United States.
Abstain Formally decline to vote either for or against a proposal or motion.
Popular Sovereignty Said that people of each territory should be able to decide for themselves if slavery should be allowed in their territory when it becomes a state.
Border ruffians a group of pro-slavery Missourians during the period from 1854 until the beginning of the Civil War who used to cross the border into Kansas to vote illegally, make raids, and intimidate the antislavery settlers
Arsenal A place where weapons and other military supplies are stored.
Secession The withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860, leading to the Civil War.
States rights A doctrine held the powers of the individual states as greater than the powers of the Federal government.
Border state Any of the slave states that bordered the northern free states during the US Civil War.
Blockade An act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.
Offensive Actively attacking someone.
Rebel A Confederate soldier in the Civil War.
Yankee A Union soldier in the Civil War.
Blockade runner Seagoing steam ships that were used to make their way through the Union blockade
Ironclad A ship protected by iron armor.
Casualty A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate To free a person from slavery.
Ratify To formally approve or sanction.
Habeas corpus a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release.
Draft Compulsory recruitment for military service.
Bounty A sum paid for killing or capturing a person or animal.
Greenback Paper currency which began to circulate in the North after February 1862, called this because of their color.
Inflation A general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Entrenched an attitude, habit, or belief firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained.
Total war Instead of focusing only on military targets, armies ruined homes and crops to unnerve the civilian base of the enemy’s war effort.
Created by: carmenpeterson