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Civil War Vocab 2018

Sectionalism When someone is more loyal to a state or section of the country rather the country as a whole.
Fugitive A person who has escaped and is fleeing from a place or is in hiding.
Secede States withdrawing from membership in a federal union.
Abstain To refrain from casting one's vote.
Popular Sovereignty Basic principle of the American system of government which asserts that people are the source of any and all governmental power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Border Ruffians They were pro-slavery activists from the slave state of Missouri, who crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there.
Arsenal A collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person or a group.
Seccession The action of withdrawing formally from membership in a federal union, an alliance,or an other organizations.
States Rights Rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
Border State The states between the North and the South that were divided over whether to stay in the Union or join the Confederacy. They were slave states,but did not secede.
Blockade Sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving. It also means to isolate some area of importance to the enemy
Offensive An attacking military campaign or operation.
Rebel A person who rises in opposition or armed resistance against an established government or ruler. Confederate soldier, so called because of opposition to the established government.
Yankee An inhabitant of New England or one of the northern states or anyone from the Union region.
Blockade Runner A vessel that runs or attempts to run into or out of a blockaded port. They were also Confederate Blockade Runners who worked to bring much needed supplies to the struggling Confederacy.
Ironclad Steam-propelled warship protected by iron or steel armor plates.
Casualty A person killed or injured in a war or accident.
Emancipate Free from slavery.
Ratify Sign or give formal consent to a treaty,agreement,or contract making it officially valid.
Habeas Corpus A writ is used to bring a prisoner or other detainee before the court to determine if the person's imprisonment or detention is lawful.
Draft A system for selecting young men for compulsory military service, administered in the United States by the Selective Service System.
Bounty A sum paid for killing or capturing a person or animal. It was also given to soldiers who were willing to fight.
Greenback U.S. paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War. (A dollar bill)
Inflation A sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
Entrenched Occupying a strong defensive position. To also place within a trench or ditch for defense.
Total War Destroying both civilian and military resources. A strategy of bringing war to the entire society not just the military.
Created by: Pranavi Jarugula