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Ancient Greece 9-16

Cards 9-16

9) The Trojan War Troy was located at the only connection between the Black and Aegean Sea. Greek wanted to control the trade and colonization of the region. After the war was over Troy was destroyed. Greeks now control the major trade center and trade route of the region
10) Hellespont The Hellespont was the only connection between the Black and Aegean Sea. The Trojan War was fought to control the Hellespont, the major trade route of the region. Xerxes crossed the Hellespont with a bridge made of boats on his way to attack Thermopylae.
11) Homer Was a famous writer in Ancient Greece from around 700-800 B.C.E. Wrote the Epic poems called the Odyssey and the Iliad which had 16,000 lines of text.
12) Persian Wars Began when the Ionian colonies were tired of Persian taxes and fighting in the Persian military so they rebelled with the help of Athens. Democracy was threatening for monarchs so the Persian Wars were started to eliminate Athens and its government.
13) Phalanx A Greek military strategy where soldiers with shields stood in front of other soldiers. The soldiers behind the shields had long spears that could reach through the shields and attack approaching soldiers.
14) Battle of Marathon: Outcome & Greek Strategy Darius landed at Marathon after being told by Hippias that it was a prime spot to attack. Miltiades, leader of the Greeks, forced the Persians into battle before they were ready. Fought in a canyon so the Persians could not use their usual tactics.
15) Darius Leader of the Persian Empire at the attack at Marathon. Guided my Hippias who wanted to rule Marathon once again. Attack on Marathon failed and ______ died before he could attack again. Father of Xerxes.
16) Miltiades Leader of the Greek military at the battle of Marathon. Created excellent strategy of trapping the Persian and catching them off-guard. Even though the Greeks were outnumbered 3-1, Greece won.
Created by: sstuhlmiller23



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