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Finals Study Guide
|FDR's main goals in fighting the Great Depression
|Reform, Recovery, and Relief
|Years for the Great Depression
|Causes of the Great Depression
|Drought and Dust Bowl; Overproduction of Goods; Consumer Debt; Stock Market Crash
|a series of laws and programs to help end the Great Depression
|What event brought an end to the Great Depression?
|Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact
|informational radio broadcast made by FDR
|Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover
|promise of the News Deal
|Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history?
|Used government programs to improve citizen's lives
|large # of violent deaths
|How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust
|Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust
|Gypsy and Homosexuals
|What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps?
|Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live?
|killing of members of a group
|What happened to Hitler in the end?
|He committed suicide
|In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews?
|During the Holocaust, how were families separated?
|Holocaust and annihilation
|gas chambers, starvation, beaten to death, gun massacre
|What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews?
|government by the people
|form of military attack
|Japanese suicide pilots
|Germany, Italy, Japan
|Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started?
|the citizens felt like they were dragged in and should focus on problems at home
|Pearl Harbor events
|on December 7th, 1941, 3,000 Americans were killed and the Pacific fleet was crippled
|Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany?
|Germany had invaded Poland
|What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII?
|Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
|Under what plan did the U. S. provided massive financial aid to rebuild European economies and prevent the spread of communism?
|the Marshall Plan
|Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals?
|The United Stated were Capitalist
|a large number of babies born between the years 1945-1962
|Similarities between the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War
|economic ideology, politics, and competing in arm and space races.
|Cold War time period
|Cuban Missile Crisis
|1962 confrontation between U.S. and Soviet Union which almost lead to WW3
|A state of tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union without actual fighting
|The Cold War
|The war that created divisiveness among Americans throughout the 1960s
|How did women help in WWII
|joined the military, worked workforce in factories, and became nurse
|What kind of policy did Martin L. King, Jr., and other members of SCLC encouraged?
|Brought federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilites
|appealed to many African Americans' anger and frustration over lack of social and economic power and preached militant approach to civil rights
|Civil Right activist used this technique to force segregated businesses to serve African Americans
|Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr.
|had long deprived of civil rights and "I Have a Dream" speech of Martin Luther King Jr., during March on Washington August 1963 (appealed to African Americans)
|term given for the mass fear and hysteria about possible communists in the United States after WW2
|The Highway Act of 1956
|made 41,000 miles of expressways to connect major American cities stimulating American economy, shorter travels, increase in urban growth along major travel
|The two nations divided at the 38th parallel
|North and South Korea
|based on the outcome of the Watergate Investigation and the subsequent resignation of President Nixon many used scandal to point out success of the Constitution as a living document that applies to all Americans
|How did Truman justified dropping the atomic bomb on Japan?
|He did not want to lose any more American troops by launching direct land invasion of Japan
|The Manhattan Project
|American development of an atomic bomb