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Finals Study Guide

U.S. History

FDR's main goals in fighting the Great Depression Reform, Recovery, and Relief
Years for the Great Depression 1930s
Causes of the Great Depression Drought and Dust Bowl; Overproduction of Goods; Consumer Debt; Stock Market Crash
New Deal a series of laws and programs to help end the Great Depression
Shanty Towns Hoovervilles
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? WW1
Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact informational radio broadcast made by FDR
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover promise of the News Deal
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history? Used government programs to improve citizen's lives
Holocaust large # of violent deaths
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust 6 million
Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust Gypsy and Homosexuals
What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps? Jehovah Witness
Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live? Ghettos
Genocide killing of members of a group
What happened to Hitler in the end? He committed suicide
In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews? starvation
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? by gender
Holocaust and ​annihilation​ gas chambers, starvation, beaten to death, gun massacre
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? Nuremburg Law
Democracy government by the people
Fascism dictatorship
Blitzkrieg form of military attack
Kamikaze Japanese suicide pilots
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, Japan
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? the citizens felt like they were dragged in and should focus on problems at home
Pearl Harbor events on December 7th, 1941, 3,000 Americans were killed and the Pacific fleet was crippled
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? Germany had invaded Poland
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? the Marshall Plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? The United Stated were Capitalist
Baby Boom a large number of babies born between the years 1945-1962
Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​ economic ideology, politics, and competing in arm and space races.
Cold War time period 1945-1991
Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 confrontation between U.S. and Soviet Union which almost lead to WW3
A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ The Cold War
The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s Vietnam War
How did women help in WWII joined the military, worked workforce in factories, and became nurse
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? Nonviolent protest
Freedom Riders Brought federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilites
Malcolm X appealed to many African Americans' anger and frustration over lack of social and economic power and preached militant approach to civil rights
Sit-Ins Civil Right activist used this technique to force segregated businesses to serve African Americans
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. had long deprived of civil rights and "I Have a Dream" speech of Martin Luther King Jr., during March on Washington August 1963 (appealed to African Americans)
Vietnamization President Nixon
McCarthyism term given for the mass fear and hysteria about possible communists in the United States after WW2
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 made 41,000 miles of expressways to connect major American cities stimulating American economy, shorter travels, increase in urban growth along major travel
The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel North and South Korea
Watergate based on the outcome of the Watergate Investigation and the subsequent resignation of President Nixon many used scandal to point out success of the Constitution as a living document that applies to all Americans
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? He did not want to lose any more American troops by launching direct land invasion of Japan
The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project American development of an atomic bomb
Created by: kurnsbecca