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Chapter 18

QuestionAnswer
Reconstruction the period of rebuilding the South and readmitting Southern states into the Union
amnesty the granting of a pardon to a large number of persons
radical extreme
adjust to become more suited to new conditions
black codes laws passed in the South just after the Civil War aimed at controlling freed men and women, and allowing plantation owners to take advantage of African American workers
override to reject or defeat something that has already been decided
exclude to prevent from being involved in something
impeach to formally charge a public official with misconduct in office
suspend to stop temporarily
scalawag name given by former Confederates to Southern whites who supported Republican Reconstruction of the South
corruption dishonest or illegal actions
integrate to unite, or blend into united whole
sharecropping system of farming in which a farmer works the land for an owner who provides equipment and seeds and receives a share of the crop
credit a loan, or the ability to pay for a good or service at a future time rather than at the time of purchase
academy a school or college for special training
commission a group of officials chosen for a specific responsibility
poll tax a tax a person must pay in order to vote
outcome the effect or result of an action or event
literacy test a method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specific level
grandfather clause a device that allowed persons to vote if their fathers or grandfathers had voted before Reconstruction began
segregation the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
lynching putting to death by the illegal action of a mob
Freedman's Bureau main purpose was to help African Americans to adjust to life after slavery by providing food, clothing and medical care
John Wilkes Booth the assassin who murdered President Lincoln in Ford's Theater
Civil Rights Act of 1866 this law gave the Federal government power to get involved in state affairs to protect African Americans' rights
14th Amendment protected African American citizenship under due process of law
President Andrew Johnson he opposed many Reconstruction Acts of Congress and faced the possibility to be impeached as President by his political opponents
Created by: leonh