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1942B USH final stud


FDR's main goals in fighting the Great Depression To decrease inflation, unemployment, and poverty
Years for the Great Depression 1929-1939
Causes of the Great Depression Stock market crash, bank failures, drought conditions
New Deal The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-35, in response to the Great Depression.
Shantytown a neighborhood in which people live in makeshift shacks
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? World War II
Roosevelt's fireside chat impact People found it comforting to listen to Roosevelt's fireside chats in scary and dire times.
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover? Because many blamed Hoover for the Great Depression
Why was the New Deal a turning point in US history? Because it launched America into a new era of financial stability
Holocaust The mass Genocide of Jews in Europe during WWII, direct definition is death by fire.
How many Jews were killed in the Holocaust? approx. 6 million
Other groups that were killed in the Holocaust Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses
What religious group was killed by Germans in concentration camps? Jews
Under German rule, before concentration camps, where were Jews forced to live? Ghettos
Genocide the deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national or religious group
What happened to Hitler in the end? He killed himself.
In addition to gas chambers, how did Nazis kill off the Jews? Crematoriums; they also shot a good many of them and took them on death marches to kill them off.
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? Once a family arrived at a concentration camp, the would send healthy family members to work and then send ones that were too old, young, or unfit for labor in any way straight to the gas chambers.
Holocaust and annihilation The systematic murder - or genocide - of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during WWII/ destroy completely
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? Nuremberg Laws
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Fascism Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce
Blitzkrieg German Military Strategy
Kamikaze a Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.
Axis Powers Axis powers. noun. a group of countries that opposed the Allied powers in World War II, including Germany, Italy, and Japan as well as Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. The Axis powers were led by Nazi Germany.
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? Because they wanted to stay uninvolved in conflict
Pearl Harbor events Military strike by the Japanese against a naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? They declared war on Germany following the invasion on Poland
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? Pearl Harbor
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? Marshall Plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals?
Baby Boom a temporary marked increase in the birth rate, especially the one following World War II.
​Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​
Cold War time period 1947-1991
Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis, October 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.
​A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ Cold War
​The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s Vietnam
How did women help in WWII They worked in factories
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? Nonviolent
Freedom Riders Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States
Malcolm X Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
Sit-Ins a form of protest in which demonstrators occupy a place, refusing to leave until their demands are met.
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. Peaceful Protests for equality for blacks; the leader of this movement
Vietnamization​ the US policy of withdrawing its troops and transferring the responsibility and direction of the war effort to the government of South Vietnam.
McCarthyism a vociferous campaign against alleged communists in the US government
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 The law authorized the construction of a 41,000-mile network of interstate highways
​The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel North and South Korea
​Watergate​ The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early 1970s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? He justified it by saying that if we didn't't there would have been more loss of life on both sides
​The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project
Created by: teddykrieger