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Civil Rights/1960s

Civil Rights

W.E.B. DuBois early civil rights leader who lead the Niagara Movement that demanded equality
Brown Case ended the "separate but equal" rule and ordered the integration of public schools = ended DE JURE SEGREGATION
de jure segregation LEGAL separation of people groups enforced by law
de facto segregation legal racial segregation especially in schools that happens by fact rather than by legal requirement (ended in late 50's)
Rose Parks started the Montgomery Bus Boycott against segregation
Martin Luther King believed in civil disobedience which brought media attention to the problems of blacks
Martin Luther King won the Nobel Peace Prize for his NONviolent protestion
Martin Luther King wrote "Letter from a Birmingham Jail" to say the time for waiting is over
Martin Luther King leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places
Malcolm X challenged King's PEACEFUL approach to protesting he wanted COMPLETE SEGREGATION = Black Power
Neil Armstrong first man on the moon
Apollo 11 first man on the moon = Neil Armstrong
Bay of Pigs Invasion the C.I.A. supported a failed invasion of CUBA to overthrow CASTRO
Cuban Missile Crisis Pres. Kennedy put a naval blockade (quarantine) around CUBA to force KHRUSHCHEV to remove nuclear missiles
Limited Test Ban Treaty the MAJOR POWERS agreed to ONLY test nuclear bombs underground
JFK assassination Pres. JOHN F. KENNEDY was shot in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald (November 22, 1963)
Lyndon B. Johnson became president after JFK was assassinated (11/22/63)
Great Society Pres. Lyndon Johnson's program that focused on ENDING POVERTY (war on poverty)
Miranda Case famous ruling by the Warren Court that requires you to be told that you have the right to a lawyer and the right to remain silent
"Silent Spring" book written by Rachel Carson that started the ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT by warning about CHEMICAL PESTICIDES
Hippies (1960's) the "flower children" of the counterculture who believed in PEACE, LOVE, and DRUGS
Cesar Chavez Hispanic labor union leader who CO-FOUNDER of the United Farm Workers to improve working conditions for MIGRANT WORKERS
Created by: SarahDishman