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world war I

QuestionAnswer
IMMEDIATE cause of WORLD WAR I the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria
Central Powers Germany and Austria
Trench Warfare the armies fought from ditches with "no man's land" in between; new weapons included planes, tanks, and poison gas
u-boats President Wilson declared war on Germany because of German submarine attacks after the Germans broke the SUSSEX PLEDGE to NOT sink ships without warning
Zimmerman Note Telegram from Germany to Mexico proposing an alliance; greatly angered Americans
Selective Service Act created a draft for the Armed Forces
financing the war 1/3 from increased taxes and 2/3 from sale of war bonds (same as in WWII)
victory gardens the public was encouraged to grow their own vegetables because so much food was going o the Army
Espionage and Sedition Acts violated civil liberties by forbidding criticism of the war effort
Schenk v. U.S. Supreme Court allowed restrictions due to a "clear and present danger"
Pershing Commanding General of the AEF (American Expeditionary Forces) on the Western Front in World War I (1917-18)
Fourteen Points Pres. Wilson's plan for a peace agreement that would prevent future conflicts by reducing armaments and encouraging self-determination
Versailles Treaty peace treaty that forced Germany to pay huge reparations and take sole responsibility for the war
Versailles Treaty Senators led by Henry Cabot Lodgerefused to ratify or give approval of the treaty for fear that membership in the League of Nations would result in involvement in another war
Created by: SarahDishman