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1960's and Vietnam

Mrs. Brown's 1960's and Vietnam

President from 1963-1968. Took over the presidency when JFK was assassinated. Lyndon B. Johnson
LBJ’s programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, food stamps, Head Start, and Job Corps developed to fight the war on poverty. Great Society
Court case that made abortion legal Roe v. Wade
Sessions of lectures and discussions on the topic of war that were organized by faculty members of a college or university as a medium of social protest. Teach-Ins
President from 1968 - 1974. Elected on the promise that he would pull the U.S. out of the War with “Peace with Honor.” Richard Nixon
Men working for Nixon’s re-election campaign got caught in the Democratic headquarters making Nixon look like a crook. Watergate
Young people during the 1960’s who opposed war, had casual sex, and experimented with drugs, wore tie-dye, had long hair. Hippies
This began when the Soviets launched Sputnik. Both the U.S. and Soviet Union wanted to put a man on the moon. Space Race
These men were the first to walk on the moon in 1969. Neil Armstrong & Buzz Aldrin
President Kennedy's legislative program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to aid education, and to expand the space program. New Frontier
Strategic bombing campaign where U.S. military aircrafts attacked targets throughout North Vietnam. Operation Rolling Thunder
A huge 3 day music festival put on in 1969 in New York, 400,000 people attended. Woodstock
The boundary line between North and South Korea. 38th Parallel
If one country falls to Communism, all the others around it would fall too. The Domino Theory
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. America’s 1st space program. Established during the Space Race. NASA
Result of the Gulf of Tonkin incident, Congress gave Johnson full power to stop North Vietnam aggression any way necessary. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The US and North Vietnam signed an agreement that US troops would leave and let the South fight for themselves. Vietnamization
Most intense confrontation between the US and Soviet Union during the Cold War. Soviets put nuclear missiles in Cuba, Kennedy blockaded and threatened to invade if not removed. Cuban Missile Crisis
This was the first man the United States put into orbit around the earth. John Glenn
Fought between 1950 - 1953, Communist North Korea invaded the US backed South. Korean War
A district in San Francisco that was the center for the counterculture hippies. Haight-Ashbury
Wanted to use the Atomic bomb on China to free them from communist control, talked bad about Truman and was fired. Douglas MacArthur
Artist during the 1960’s who created Pop Art. Andy Warhol
An unspecified large majority of people in a country or group who do not express their opinions publicly, Nixon appealed to them for support. Silent Majority
President between 1960-1963, assassinated in Dallas by Lee Harvey Oswald. John F. Kennedy
U.S. troops brutally murdered innocent Vietnamese villagers including women and children, which shocked Americans when it was finally revealed to the public. My Lai Massacre
This was the 1st election ever broadcast on Television, showing that people in America think looks are important - Nixon v. Kennedy. The Election of 1960
What hippies called the government. The Establishment
Communist leader who took power in Cuba. Fidel Castro
A failed invasion of Cuba, JFK sent exiled Cubans to overthrow Castro - embarrassment to the US. The Bay of Pigs
Created under Kennedy to send volunteers into poor countries to help them create programs and hopefully keep them from turning to Communism. Peace Corps
People living together as a group and sharing everything. Communes
a leaf-killing toxic chemical that devastated the landscape of Vietnam and caused birth defects for many years. Agent Orange
An important year in U.S. history, moon landing, Nixon elected, and Woodstock. 1969
North Vietnam attacked the U.S. navy in neutral waters, was the closest the US came to declaring war on North Vietnam. Gulf of Tonkin Incident
Top secret government file about the Vietnam War that was leaked and printed in the paper showing that the government had not been honest with people. Pentagon Papers
In response to giving Johnson too much power in the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, requires a president to inform Congress within 48 hours if US forces are sent into a hostile area without a declaration of war. War Powers Act
Pro-war Americans who strongly felt the Vietnam war should be escalated. Hawks
The capital of South Vietnam, captured by the North, marked the end of the war, unified Vietnam. Fall of Saigon
National Guardsmen fired into a crowd of college students protesting the Vietnam War, killing 4 students - Greatly decreased support for the war. Kent State Massacre
Mexican American who was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his courage in the Vietnam War. Roy Benavides
Americans lost faith in the government's reliability because what was being said and what they saw on the news was 2 different things. Credibility Gap
The Communist leader of North Vietnam, wanted to unify Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh
1954 - 1973: Communist North Vietnam invaded U.S. backed South, divided America. Vietnam War
a massive attack by the Vietcong on over 100 South Vietnamese towns and cities as well as 12 U.S. air bases during Vietnamese New Year celebrations. TET Offensive
One of the student protest groups operating on college campuses who demonstrated against the war. Students for a Democratic Society
Many students and young people opposed to the Vietnam war held protests, teach-ins, and publicly burned their draft cards. Anti-war Protests
Americans who strongly opposed the war and believed that the United States should withdraw from Vietnam. Doves
Divided north and south Vietnam. 17th Parallel
Students wore armbands in support of peace, they were suspended, Supreme Court ruled that students have the right to free speech as long as it doesn't disrupt the learning environment. Tinker v. Des Moines
Lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. 26th Amendment
Jellied gasoline that burns at 3000 degrees dropped from U.S. planes to expose Vietcong tunnels and hideouts. Napalm
a pro-Communist South Vietnamese opposition group that carried out thousands of assassinations of South Vietnamese government officials. Vietcong
Nixon's strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, involving Vietnamization "Peace with Honor"
Vietnamese anti-Communist who declared himself the ruler of South Vietnam and canceled elections that were supposed to unify Vietnam, US backed him in the beginning Ngo Dinh Diem
Created by: Tiabrown2



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