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Civil Rights

Mrs. Brown's Civil Rights

An aggressive black militant group that expressed pride in African American culture. Black Panthers
A Civil Rights leader who believed violence should be met with violence. Malcolm X
A Civil Rights leader who believed in nonviolent protest and civil disobedience. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Important court case that marked the end of legal segregation in public schools - overturned Plessy v. Ferguson. Brown v. Board of Education
An early Civil Rights group that helped African Americans fight for equality - Started by W.E.B. DuBois. NAACP
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee waged some of the more powerful campaigns of the Civil Rights Movement such as the Sit-Ins. SNCC
A court case that ruled “Separate but Equal” was constitutional. Plessy v. Ferguson
Southern laws that enforced segregation, kept African Americans from being equal and voting. Jim Crow Laws
Granted African American men the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous conditions of servitude. 15th Amendment
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference helped coordinate the March on Washington along with other civil rights campaigns. SCLC
Enforced separation of racial groups. Segregation
The ending of a policy of segregation, putting races together. Desegregation
All people born in the United States are citizens and have equal protection under the law. 14th Amendment
Abolished the institute of slavery. 13th Amendment
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who helped to rule in favor of Civil Rights. Earl Warren
If the government passed an unjust law, people should oppose it with non-violent tactics such as peaceful marches, boycotts, and demonstrations. Civil Disobedience
A major turning point in history when many minority groups organized and fought for their equality. Civil Rights Movement
Organized by CORE, African Americans and whites rode through the south together on buses to protest bus segregation. Freedom Rides
A lawyer for the NAACP that argued the Brown v. Education case and 1st African American Supreme Court Justice. Thurgood Marshall
Makes literacy tests and poll taxes illegal. African Americans start becoming politically active Voting Rights Act of 1965
Hispanics painted murals in cities that represented pride in their culture. Chicano Mural Movement
He fought for better pay and working conditions for migrant farm workers and helped found the National Farm Workers Association. Cesar Chavez
The National Organization for Women - primary group representing the concerns of mainstream feminists. NOW
Term used for the African American movement to fight for civil rights and achieve equality. Black Power Movement
Began with 4 African Americans who sat at a lunch counter and refused to leave until served - a nonviolent act of protest. Sit-Ins
African American woman who refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white man and was arrested. Rosa Parks
Martin Luther King, Jr. led a boycott of city buses in Montgomery, Alabama that lasted for 11 months. Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King, Jr led 250,000 people to show support for the Civil Rights Bill. Here is where he gave his “I have a dream” speech. March on Washington
The Governor of Georgia who refused to serve African Americans in his whites-only restaurant. Lester Maddox
A racist Governor in Alabama who blocked 2 African American students from entering the University of Alabama after desegregation. George Wallace
The Governor of Arkansas who did not want to integrate Little Rock High School. Orval Faubus
These southern congressmen banded together to obstruct attempts to pass federal civil rights legislation - Faubus, Maddox, and Wallace. Southern Democrats
A law that says no one can be kept from participating in educational activities based on sex Title IX
Ruled that Poll taxes (paying to vote) were illegal. 24th Amendment
The American Indian Movement who fought for equality also called the “Red” Power Movement. AIM
Orval Faubus ordered the Arkansas National Guard to surround the all-white Little Rock High School to prevent 9 African American students from entering the building. Little Rock Crisis
A law that ended discrimination against women and minorities in employment. Affirmative Action
Formed to enforce the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and make sure that all businesses were no longer discriminating. Equal Employment Opportunity Committee
She fought alongside Cesar Chavez for farm workers and later fought for women’s rights. Dolores Huerta
Wrote “The Feminine Mystique”, and started the National Organization for Women. Betty Friedan
Women’s movement that engaged in peaceful protests for equality, voicing their dissatisfaction with women’s rights. Feminist Movement
Prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, or ethnic origin in all places of employment doing business with the federal government. Civil Rights Act of 1964
Said African Americans could not be kept from registering to vote. It gave federal courts the ability to register them to vote. Civil Rights Act of 1957
Congress of Racial Equality whose major accomplishment was the Freedom Rides. CORE
A court case where a black man registered for law school at the University of Texas, but was denied because of race. The court granted him acceptance. Sweatt v. Painter
Made it a law that people accused of a crime must be read their rights before being arrested. Miranda v. Arizona
The Equal Rights Amendment would have made it where men and women were treated equally, but was not approved. ERA
Created by: Tiabrown2



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