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Unit 9

Foreign Policy & WWI

imperialism The practice of strong countries taking economic, political, & military power over weaker countries.
U.S. foreign policy From 1890 to 914 The United States expanded its role in world affairs and gained new overseas colonies.
"Big Stick" Diplomacy Roosevelt used this to develop an active foreign policy with a strong navy.
Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South and Central America by using military force..
Panama Canal A channel across Central America, between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Open Door Policy A policy to allow free trade by any nation in any port in China.
Yellow Journalism Reporting in newspapers & magazines that exaggerates the news in order to make it more exciting.
Spanish-American War As a result Cuba was liberated and the Philippines, Guam, & Puerto Rico were annexed by the United States.
Philippine-American War Result of the U.S. annexing the Philippines and not granting them independence.
U.S. Neutrality U.S. policy before entering World War I.
The Lusitania British passenger ship attacked and sunk by Germans.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare Using submarines to sink any ship without warning.
Zimmerman Telegram Message proposing an alliance between Germany & Mexico.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, & the Ottoman Empire.
Allies Great Britain, France, & Russia, later joined by the United States.
Western Front Region of northern France where much fighting took place.
Eastern Front Region along German-Russian border where much fighting took place.
Total War War in which countries use all their resources for war.
Lenin's Bolshevik Revolution Revolution in Russia that led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
Homefront Women joined the work force, African Americans migrated north, rationing, propaganda.
Eugene Debs In America formed the Socialist Party calling for an end to the war, government control of factories, and an increase in unions.
Espionage & Sedition Acts Laws that enacted harsh penalties against anyone who apposing U.S. participation in World War I.
Schenek v U.S. Unanimously upheld the Espionage act of 1917.
Great Migration Movement of many African Americans to northern cities from the south in the early 1900s.
American Expeditionary Force The name given to the American military force that fought in World War I.
WIB Agency to improve efficiency in war related industries.
Propaganda One-sided information designed to persuade.
Selective Service Act Law requiring men to register for military service.
Wilson's 14 Points plan for world peace following World War I.
Treaty of Versailles The 1919 treaty that ended World War I
League of Nations An international peace-keeping organization proposed by Wilson and founded in 1920.
Strong Reservationists Senators that demanded changes to the league covenant that required members to work together to stop aggression.
Created by: US1