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Unit 3

The New Nation

QuestionAnswer
Articles of Confederation The set of laws that established the first government of the United States.
Land Ordinance of 1785 A law that set up a plan for surveying land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Law that organized the Northwest Territories.
Shay's Rebellion Anti-tax protest by farmers.
Constitutional Convention 1787 A meeting in Philadelphia to discuss ways to strengthen the national government.
Great Compromise Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of legislature & representation based on population in the other house.
Separation of Powers The three branches of government with defined powers.
Checks & Balances Powers given to separate branches of the government to keep any one from getting too much power.
Limited Government protected peoples liberties.
Three-Fifths Compromise Compromise that allowed states to count three-fifths of their slaves as part of the population.
Federalist Supporters of the new Constitution.
Anti-Federalist People opposed to ratification of the new Constitution.
Federalist Papers Essays written by the Federalist leaders that defended the Constitution.
Bill of Rights Set of amendments passed to protect individual rights.
George Washington 1st President of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson Secretary of State.
Alexander Hamilton An early Federalist leader.
Hamilton's Financial Plan A national bank funded by the federal government & wealthy investors.
Whiskey Rebellion Frustrated western farmers in Pennsylvania rebelled against an unfair tax on whiskey.
Farewell Address Warned against political parties, sectional tension, and entangling alliances.
John Adams 2nd President of the United States.
XYZ Affair American anger over bribes by French diplomats.
Alien & Sedition Acts Laws that made it harder to become a citizen & created harsh punishments for people who criticized the government.
Created by: US1