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3)TofL (D), (F),(E)

Different uses of site/reasons for changes/people and activities associated

What was it's uses in the Medieval period? Military Fortress/Defence. Palace. Status symbol. Oppress population.
What was it's uses in the Early Modern period? Prison/Place of execution. Not palace anymore (safer times)
What was it's uses in the Industrial period? Tourism, medievalisation etc. Barracks - store ordinance, house soldiers. Menagerie goes as Wellington hates tourists 1835
What was it's uses in the Modern Day period? Tourism. Education. Conservation. UNESCO world heritage site in 1988. 2 million visitors a year. WW1 and 2, used as prison for spies, military training and for growing crops (dig for victory)
REASONS FOR CHANGES REASONS FOR CHANGES
Early developments (Hen III + Ed I) Increase defences, scared of foreign invasion from France and Scotland. Also scared of people, peasants revolt (1381).Made more comfortable for living (medieval palace)
Prison in Early Modern More stable times - Royals live in palaces (e.g. Hampton Court). Strong monarchs (e.g. Hen VII + VIII). Need prison for prisoners as religious problems
Tourist site and barracks in Industrial Period Industrial period brought transportation, wealth and more time. Obsolete as a defensive site. Used as barracks as empire needs to store big army.
Tourist site and educational in Modern Day There are threats (WW1 + 2) but T of L is obsolete in modern warfare, used instead for captured spies. Tourism: Rise in popularity of History as a subject (e.g. documentaries). More disposable income.
Tourist site and educational in Modern Day cont Conservation: Change in attitude from Victorian times. Protect whats there, rather than rebuilding how we thought it originally was
DIVERSITY OF PEOPLE AND ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATED WITH SITE DIVERSITY OF PEOPLE AND ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATED WITH SITE
Medieval: Who was Simon Sudbury? Simon Sudbury - Archbishop of Canterbury 1381 (peasants revolt), responsible for Poll Tax, lead to revolt, 80,000 peasants march on London, peasants breach T of L, find Sudbury hiding, drag him out, behead, head put on steak
Early Modern: Who was Anne Boleyn? 2nd wife of Hen VIII. Both coronation (1533) and execution (1536) happens in T of L. Henry built her 'Queen's Apartments' in her honour at T of L. Imprisoned there before execution.
Early Modern: Who was Anne Boleyn? cont Historians dispute entrance to Tower, either Traitors Gate or the Main/Side entrance. Executed on Tower Green, right outside her apartments
Industrial: Who was Duke Wellington? War hero, won Napoleonic Wars. Defeated Napoleon at Battle of Waterloo. Constable of Tower 1825-52. Built Waterloo barracks, in place of Grand Storehouse (burnt down), updating tower, making into armoury/barracks.
Industrial: Who was Duke Wellington? cont Hated tourists, wants tower as military site - closes zoo, animals to Regent Park
Modern: Who were the Kray Twins? London gangsters. Notoriously violent, from East End (poor). Feared and loved - working class heroes. Arrested and held in T of L for not turning up for National Service (1952). Last prisoners held in Tower. From poor background, diversity of class
List of activities Prison/execution, tourism, zoo, mint, palace, crown jewels, defence, barracks, grow veg
Created by: MattTheBoiInit