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us history words

TermDefinition
Business Cycle economic wide fluctuations in production, trade, and general economic activity
Dust Bowl where a combination of drought and soil erosion created enormous dust storms
Stock Market Crash sudden dramatic decline of stock prices. Stock market resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth
What were the causes of the Great Depression? people buying on credits and not paying later
How did the Great Depression affect businesses, banks, farmers, urban workers, families? businesses lost money, banks closed down, farmers cant sell crops, urban workers lost jobs, families are homeless
Hooverilles was a shanty town built during the Great Depression by the homeless in the US he was widely blamed
Bonus Army to induce Congress to appropriate moneys for the payment of bonus certificates granted in 1924
Compare Hoover's and FDR responses to the Great Depression. Hoover would hope it would blow over. FDR made a plan to fix it
New Deal FDR's programs was designed to improve conditions for persons suffering in the Great Depression
FERA The Federal Emergency Relief Administration-
CCC The Civilian Conservation Corps- gave jobs to young unmarried men and men walking around the streets
WPA The Works Progress Administration- employing millions of people mostly unskilled men
AAA The Agricultural Adjustment Act- designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses
NIRA The National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933- regulate industry for fair wages and prices that would stimulate economic recovery
HOLC The Home Owners' Loan Corporation-
TVA The Tennessee Valley Authority- to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing
FDIC The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation- insuring deposits in U.S. banks and thrifts in the event of bank failures
SEC The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission- independent federal government agency responsible for protecting investors
Wagner Act is a foundational statute of United States labor law which guarantees basic rights of private sector employees
Social Security include retirement income, disability income, Medicare and Medicaid, and death and survivorship benefits
Dust Bowl where a combination of drought and soil erosion created enormous dust storms in the 1930s
Indian Reorganization Act the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
Schechter v. US (1935) authorized the President to approve “codes of fair competition” for the poultry industry and other industries.
What was FDR's court packing scheme? was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Planned deficit spending (Keybesian economics) to moderate or end a recession, especially a severe one. ... Similarly, running a government surplus or reducing its deficit
What were arguments for and against the New Deal? for: helped nations grow against: putting us in dept
What were the causes of World War II? Japanese militarism, and especially the political takeover in 1933 of Germany by Hitler
What was the purpose of the Neutrality Acts? to not get involved in any war
What was the Lend-Lease Act? was the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II
Who did the US support in the war? Why did the US enter the war? When did this event occur? the us helped all allied powers in the war. the us enter the war because of the bombing of pearl harbor. December 7, 1941
How did the war affect woman? African Americans? Native Americans? Mexican Americans? they had to work in factories to produce weapons for the men in war
What was Executive Order 9066? Why was it controversial? The document ordered the removal of resident enemy aliens from parts of the West vaguely identified as military areas.
Korematsu v. US which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship.
What did the government encourage Americans to do help with the war effort? donate all the metal rudder and anything they can find so it can be made into things for the war
Tehran, 1943, and "D-Day" D-Day:was the largest air, land, and sea invasion in history Tehran, 1943: first ww2 conferences of the three Allied leader
Where did the US first invade Japan? Why was President Truman reluctant to conduct a land invasion of Japan? in japan. because it might start ww2. 1 million soldiers were at risk
What was the Manhattan Project? process of creating the atom bomb
On what two cities did the US drop the atomic bombs? Hiroshima, Nagasaki
What were the Nuremberg trials? What precedent did they set? presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals. Twelve prominent Nazis were sentenced to death. fear
What is the United Nations? What is its purpose? when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.
What was the purpose of the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights? give all democrats there natural rights they deserve
How did World War II set the stage for the Cold War? it set tension between the super powers
Created by: JohnRod