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APUSGOV Unit Five

TermDefinition
Governor the head of the executive branch in the state government
Executive Council five elected officials who represent regions (with roughly equal numbers of state citizens) and advise the governor (unique to NH)
General Court the name for the NH state legislature (House and Senate)
Department an office of state or local government that oversees a particular public service
Mayor the head of the executive branch in a city government
City/town council elected officials who advise the mayor/selectmen, carry out some legislative duties
Selectmen a board of elected officials that govern a town
Board an elected committee that deals with a particular aspect of local governance (ie- school board, zoning board, etc…)
Town clerk the person responsible for handling the administrative business of a town government
Town meeting a form of direct democracy in which matters of local government (articles) are discussed and voted on
Deliberative session similar to a town meeting in that articles are discussed and can be amended, but no voting takes place
Warrant article a piece of local legislation to be put to a vote either on a ballot or at a town meeting
Polling place the place where people go to vote
Ballot initiative a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can bring about a public vote. 26 states and Washington DC have initiative processes at the statewide level. NH does not.
Recall vote a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before that official's term has ended. 18 states currently allow recall votes. NH does not.
Home rule local governments can pass any laws and ordinances as they see fit, within the bounds of the state and federal constitutions. NH is not a home rule state.
County the largest territorial division for local government within a state of the U.S.
Created by: missmurdough
Popular American Government sets

 

 



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