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– Worldwide depression – High war debt owed by Germany – High inflation – Massive unemployment Political instability & economic devastation in Europe resulting from WWI (4 parts)
Political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied and nationalism and, often, racism are emphasized. fascism
Fascist dictator of Germany Adolf Hitler
Fascist dictator of Japan Hideki Tojo
Fascist dictator of Italy Benito Mussolini
Major Axis Powers (3) Germany, Italy, Japan
Major Allied Powers (3) U.S., Great Britain, Soviet Union
WWII Leader of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt
WWII Leader of the Great Britain Winston Churchill
WWII Leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
When did Stalin join the Allies? After being invaded by Germany
Isolationism (Great Depression, legacy of World War I) Economic aid to Allies Direct involvement in the war Gradual change in American policy from neutrality to direct involvement in WWII
Rising tension developed between the United States and Japan because of Japanese aggression in East Asia
What date did Japan attack Pearl Harbor? December 7, 1941
When did Germany declare war on the U.S. After the U.S. declared war on Japan
What set off WWII in Europe Germany’s invasion of Poland
Who invaded Poland and the Baltic nations? Soviet Union
Who invaded France and captured Paris? Germany
Germany bombed London in the Battle of Britain
U.S. gave Britain war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda & the Caribbean Lend Lease Act
Turning point of war in the pacific that was a U.S. victory Battle of Midway
Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Soviet Union defeated Germany and made this battle the turning point of the war in Eastern Europe Battle of Stalingrad
U.S. and other Allied troops landed in Normandy, France to begin liberation of Western Europe D-Day
U.S. dropped 2 atomic bombs on which 2 cities, in what year Hiroshima & Nagasaki, 1945
What forced Japan to surrender and end WWII? Dropping of 2 atomic bombs
– Boycott of Jewish stores – Threats – Segregation – Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in concentration camps and death camps Tactics used to systematically attempts to rid Europe of all Jews
Which country practiced Anti-Semitism and Aryan supremacy that led to the ____ Germany, Holocaust
Who liberated Jews and others who survived concentration camps Allied forces
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? WWII
Who took jobs in defense plants during the war Women, Rosie the Riveter
How did Americans at home support the war? Conserving and rationing resources
What temporarily broke down racial barriers? Need for workers - defense plants
While many Japanese Americans served in the armed forces, others were treated with distrust and many were forced into Internment camps
Fascist dictator of Italy during World War II. Benito Mussolini
Nazi dictator of Germany during World War II. Adolf Hitler
Military leader of Japan during World War II. Hideki Tojo
The Axis Powers of World War II were Germany, Italy, and Japan. Axis Powers
A national leader who has total power and does not allow individual freedoms. Dictator
The Allied Powers of World War II were the U. S., Canada, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and many other countries. Allied Powers
Franklin D. Roosevelt was the U. S. President during World War II. F.D.R.
Became U. S. President at the end of World War II after F. D. R. died. Harry S. Truman
Was the Prime Minister of Great Britain during World War II. Winston Churchill
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union during World War II. Joseph Stalin
Turning point battle of the war for the Allies in the Pacific. Battle of Midway
Turning point battle of the war for the Allies in Europe. Battle of Stalingrad
Strategy used by the Allies to defeat Japan in the Pacific. Island Hopping
Camps where the German government sent Jews, political prisoners, Poles, Gypsies, and others to die during World War II. Concentration camps
Name for the deaths of 6 million Jews and 5 million others at the hands of the German government during World War II Holocaust
Anti-semitism Hatred of Jews.
Japanese-Americans were sent to these camps in the U. S. during World War II in the fear that they would be disloyal to the war effort. Internment camps
Way Americans on the home front supported the war by conserving resources so they could be used instead to fight the war. Rationing
U. S. plan, created by Secretary of State George C. Marshall, to rebuild Europe after World War II Marshall Plan
A world peacekeeping organization that was formed at the end of World War II, 1945. Formed to prevent future wars. United Nations
Karl Marx political theory where all property is publicly owned & each person works & is paid according to their abilities & needs. communism
A government by the people; freedoms. democracy
A form of government in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied. Fascism
Naval base in Hawaii in which the Japanese attacked on Dec. 7, 1941 and began direct involvement of the U.S. in WWII. Pearl Harbor
The countries, territories, & regions of China, Hong Kong, Japan, North & South Korea, Macau, Mongolia, eastern parts of Russia, & Taiwan. East Asia
When a nation does not take either side in a conflict. neutrality
Compensation demanded of a defeated nation by the victor in a war especially that demanded of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles after WWI. reparations
National policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs. isolationism
A turning point in WWII - allied troops landed in Normandy, France to begin liberation of Western Europe. Normandy, France D-Day June 6, 1944
To be set free. liberation
Country east of Germany. Hitler invaded Sept. 1, 1939. Beginning of WWII. Poland
A small island off the southeastern coast of the United States that was part of the Lend-Lease agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain during WWII. Bermuda
Islands off the southeastern coast of Florida that were part of the Lend-Lease agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain during WWII. Caribbean
An agreement between the US and Great Britain. The US gave war supplies to Great Britain in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean Lend Lease Act
Two cities in Japan in which the U.S. dropped atomic bombs in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII. Hiroshima & Nagasaki
Nations that border the Baltic Sea that were invaded by the Soviet Union at the beginning of WWII. Baltic Nations
Limited of scarce goods during wartime. rationing
One’s homeland. Home front
Character developed to encourage women to take factory jobs. Rosie the Riveter
Created by: Mrs. Estes
Popular U.S. History sets




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