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Unit 8: State & City

State and city government

Lieutenant Governor the executive officer of a state who is next in rank to a governor and who takes the governor's place in case of disability or death.
Attorney General the principal legal officer who represents a country or a state in legal proceedings and gives legal advice to the government.
Virginia General Assembly the Virginia General Assembly is the legislative body of the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World, established on July 30, 1619.
House of delegates The Virginia House of Delegates is one of two parts in the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia.
Senate The Senate of Virginia is the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The Senate is composed of 40 Senators representing an equal number of single-member constituent districts.
Delegate a person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular an elected representative sent to a conference.
Biennial taking place every other year.
Bureaucracy a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Cabinet A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. They are usually called ministers, but in some jurisdictions are sometimes called secretaries.
Enumerated/Expressed Powers The powers of the federal government that are specifically described in the Constitution are sometimes called 'delegated' or 'expressed powers,' but most often they are known as 'enumerated powers".
Federalism Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government with regional governments in a single political system.
Concurrent Powers federal system of government that are shared by both the federal government and each constituent political unit (such as a state or province).
Implied Powers grants Congress a set of so-called implied powers—that is, powers not explicitly named in the Constitution but assumed to exist due to their being necessary to implement the expressed powers that are named in Article I.
Reserved Powers exclusively delegated powers, such as the exclusive federal powers in the United States.
Public Policy the principled prolific guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues or of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
Bond a debt security issued by a government to support government spending.
Board of supervisors is a governing body that oversees the operation of county government in the American states of Arizona, California, Iowa, Mississippi, Virginia, and Wisconsin, as well as 16 counties in New York.
Charter a document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
City Manager an appointed official who directs the administration of a city.
Clerk of the court an officer of the court whose responsibilities include maintaining records of a court.
City Council A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
Independent City a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity (such as a county).
Locality an area or neighborhood, especially as regarded as a place occupied by certain people or as the scene of particular activities.
Mayor a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.
Commissioner of the Revenue the chief tax-assessing official of the locality.
Ordinances a piece of legislation enacted by a municipal authority.
Sheriff an elected officer in a county who is responsible for keeping the peace.
Treasurer person responsible for running the treasury of an organization.
Created by: 328332



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