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World Power

Mrs. Brown's World Power

QuestionAnswer
Roosevelt said “Speak softly and carry a big stick” - the US would be the Police Power in the Western Hemisphere. Big Stick Policy
Passed in 1823 to keep Europe from further colonizing the Western Hemisphere. Monroe Doctrine
This said the US would intervene in Latin America to maintain stability in the Western Hemisphere. Roosevelt Corrollary
Built by the US to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans to make travel faster and trade more efficient. Panama Canal
The Chinese did not like foreigners in their countries, so they rebelled and killed them. Boxer Rebellion
was used as the justification of anglo saxons (whites) to educate and help nonwhite indigenous people in their colonies. "White Man's Burden"
This gave all countries equal trading privileges with China. Open Door Policy
Mandatory enlistment in the armed forces, aka “the draft”. Conscription
President who tried to keep the US out of WWI and came up with The Fourteen Points. Woodrow Wilson
An Imperialist Naval officer who wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, He said that the US needed a large Navy to become a world power. Alfred T. Mahan
Cuba was given their independence after the Spanish American War, but this said that the US would intervene in their affairs anytime and allowed the US to build a military base at Guantanamo. Platt Amendement
leader of the “Rough Riders” who won the Battle of San Juan Hill. He later became president. Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt
A US ship that exploded in Havana Harbor killing 260 American Soldiers, the US blamed it on Spain. USS Maine
The US fought Spain in 1898 and won, gaining the territories of Cuba, Guam,the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. This also made the US a world power. Spanish American War
When newspapers sensationalize or exaggerate what is actually happening to influence people's opinions and sell more newspapers. Yellow Journalism
He was a yellow journalist who published articles in the New York Journal. William Randolph Hearst
When a country takes control of a less developed country as a source for raw materials and a new market. Imperialism
War between 1914-1918 WWI
Belief that the US should avoid conflict in Europe. Isolationism
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism. The Causes of WWI M-A-I-N
Building up of military power. Militarism
Agreement between 2 or more countries to defend each other if attacked. Alliances
A strong devotion to one’s nation, the interest of the nation are more important than cooperating with others. Nationalism
His assassination sparked WWI. Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire Central Powers
Alliance of Great Britain, France, Russia, and later the US Allied Powers
When the media uses advertisements to convince people to support the war. Propaganda
German submarines. U-Boats
One of the primary reasons for US entry into WWI. The US believed that everyone should be able to travel the seas without fear. Freedom of the Seas
A British passenger ship that was sunk by German U-boats, killing 128 Americans. The Lusitania
Germany sent this to Mexico saying they would help get back land lost to the US, if they would attack. It was intercepted by the US. The Zimmerman Note
Required all US men age 18 and over to register for military service. Selective Service Act
People were encouraged to grow their own gardens, so farmers' crops could be sent to fighting soldiers. Victory Gardens
War bonds sold by the US government to help fund the war. Liberty/Victory Bonds
This made it a crime to criticize the war - suspended the 1st Amendment. Espionage Act 1917
New fighting style, soldiers would dig ditches and shoot at each other. It caused a stalemate. Trench Warfare
When neither side can advance or win. Stalemate
Machine guns, airplanes, U-boats, poison gas, and tanks. New Weapons
Group of US soldiers led by John J. Pershing, won the Battle of Argonne Forest. American Expeditionary Force - A.E.F.
Final battle of WWI and most important because the allies broke through German lines. Battle of the Argonne Forest
WWI hero who received the Medal of honor. Alvin York
Created by Woodrow Wilson to create peace and suggested creating the League of Nations. The Fourteen Points
An organization to mediate international disputes to avoid war. The US refused to join and it ultimately failed. League of Nations
A senator that was opposed to the US joining the League of Nations. Henry Cabot Lodge
This ended WWI and was very harsh on Germany. It ultimately led to WWII. Treaty of Versailles
Having to pay for damages done during a war. Reparations
A nasty disease carried by mosquitoes that killed many people while building the Panama Canal. Yellow Fever
A letter written by Spain that said that President McKinley was weak. De Lome Letter
A volunteer Cavalry force led by Teddy Roosevelt that won the key battle for the US to win the Spanish American War. Rough Riders
An important battle of the Spanish American war that was won by Roosevelt and the Rough Riders. Battle of San Juan Hill
Said that when the war with Spain was over, the US would NOT annex Cuba. Teller Amendment
He was the first President of Hawaii and later Governor after it was annexed by the US. Sanford Dole
A yellow journalist who published articles in the New York World. Joseph Pulitzer
A country stays neutral and doesn’t take sides. Neutrality
The purchase of Alaska for $7 million (2 cents/acre) was criticized as being a worthless icebox, but was later seen as a huge source of resources. Seward's Folly
Area between trenches full of barb wire that made soldiers an easy target. Tanks were used to get through it. "No Man's Land"
An agreement by both sides to stop fighting - a truce. Armistice
American General who led the AEF, he took inexperienced soldiers and trained them to fight. John J. Pershing
Created by: Tiabrown2
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