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Soc Thry 1.Class/Eth

Sociology Education Theory Topics 2 (Class) and 3 (Ethnicity)

Sociologist(s)TheoryYear
Webber and Butler Neighbourhood is the best predictor for educational attainment. 2007
Jerrim Wealthy intelligent are 2.5 years ahead of intelligent poor children. 2013
Smith and Noble The barriers to learning are money, resources, access to good schools and childcare duties/jobs. 1995
Washbrook and Waldfogel 31% of test score differences explained by material deprivation. 2010
Ball Working class children were more likely to be lower banded than middle class even with the same achievement levels. 1981
Keddie Lower streams taught with restricted codes and higher streams with elaborated codes, which reinforce class differences outside school. 1971
Willis An anti-school subculture developed with a leaning towards manual labour. This then goes on to reproduce class inequality. 1977
Mac an Ghaill Lower sets - macho lads Middle sets - new enterprisers (vocational focus) Highest sets - academic achievers. 1994
Strand Longitudinal study; African Caribbean pupils did worse age 14 even taking cultural and material deprivation into account. They were less likely to aim for higher GCSEs. 2012
Gillborn and Youdell A-C economy; those aiming for Cs get the most focus, leaving behind students deemed to be too stupid. 1999
Ranson School boards are underrepresented with regards to class and ethnicity. 2005
Gillborn African Caribbean students fit the labels of delinquency because they get angry at the unfair treatment from teachers. 1990
Connolly South Asian boys get less punished for their delinquency than Black boys. 1998
Connolly The achievement of young Black girls is likely to be underestimated, and the success of Asian girls is down to high expectations and self concepts. 1998
Fuller Rejection by the school motivated black girls to become educationally successful. 1984
Coard Curriculum ignores Black culture, further developing Black anti-school subcultures. 1971
Kynaston 7% of pupils attend private schools and <1% go on a full scholarship. 2014
Sutton Trust Private school students are 55x more likely to get into Oxbridge than FSM state school children. 2010
Britland Middle class students are advantaged because parents can pay tutors and buy houses in catchment areas for good schools. 2013
Sugarman Working class pupils don't believe meritocracy can work for them. 1970
Feinstein Cultural deprivation has more of an impact than material deprivation. 2003
Bourdieu The four factors that shape opportunity are economic capital, cultural capital, social capital and symbolic capital. -
Gillborn and Mirza Class is not that important a factor because, of the same class, Black students do worse and Asian students do better. 2000
Basit Asians value education highly because they believe there are better opportunities here than in home nations. 2013
Connor et. al In year 13, Black African students had the most positive attitudes to education. 2004
The Wanless Report African Caribbean boys are: - more likely to be excluded - 1.5x more likely to be identified with behavioural issues - disproportionately placed in bottom sets - less likely than average to be identified as G&T. 1997
Sewell Problems in educational attainment come from outside factors such as the higher proportion of Black students raised in lone parent households. 1997
Modood Ethnic minorities have the highest proportion of working class students in higher education, for example, 2/3s of BME entrants were working class. 2004
O'Donnell Black pupils get angry at labelling, whereas Asian pupils use it to their academic advantage. 1991
Cotton, Winter and Bailey The hidden curriculum places a high value on efficiency and value for money over equality. 2013
Hargreaves Lower-set pupils' delinquency is a way to get respect from peers because they can't get it from teachers. 1967
Peter Woods Pupils don't always conform to one subculture and may use a variety of influences. 1983
Mirza Black women have a positive attitude to success but may not respect schools as institutions because of racism. 1992
Young Some young people choose the 'Ned' lifestyle because it earns them respect from peers - agency factors. 2012
Sorhagen Incorrect teacher expectations negatively impacted the working class more. 2013
Giroux Schools are places of ideological struggle; teachers may teach ideas contradictory to the hidden curriculum. 1984
Woods The 8 ways children may adapt to schools are: ingratiation, compliance, opportunity, ritualism, retreatism, colonisation, intransigence and rebellion. 1983
Madood The effects of low income on achievement were much less for ethnic minority groups than white children. 2004
Created by: lottieball17
 

 



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