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World Culture

Chapter 24 and 25

QuestionAnswer
guilds business groups of merchants, artisans, and workers whose purpose was to make sure their members were treated equally
apprentice a trainee who served a master for two-seven years
journeyman a person who worked under a master for a daily wage
masters experts who were part of the guild
fairs French gatherings of trade where merchants could sell and buy
burgs towns near castles
burghers the merchants, artisans, and workers who lived in the towns
charters documents allowing towns to run their own affairs
monarchies system of rule with a king and queen or one ruler
grand jury people who brought the names of suspected people of crimes to judges
diet an assembly where German princes met
circuit judges judges who traveled throughout the country
trial jury people who decided if someone was innocent or guilty
corregidores royal officials who kept the towns in order
domesday book a record of who and what was taxed
magna carta Great Charter-- John I-- 1215-- the country's nobles made John sign it
inquisition The Spanish Inquisition-- Ferdinand and Isabella made the Spanish Inquisition who tried people with heresy
William the Conqueror Started the Battle of Hastings in 1066 with the Norman army against Harold. He won, and was declared King of England. He introduced feudalism. He gave the Normans seized English land. Created the Domesday Book in 1087.
Edward the Confessor In 1042, Edward was declared King of England. He sponsored a building in Westminster Abbey. He failed to carry out his royal duties, so nobles increased their hold on the country. In 1066, he gave the throne to Harold.
Philip IV Ruled from 1285-1314. Known as Philip the Fair. He seized English fortresses, went to war with the Flemish, taxed the people regularly, and formed the Estates General.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella They took away some privileges of the nobles, made everyone convert to Christianity, set up the Spanish Inquisition, and won over Granada from the Moors.
Edward I In 1272, King Edward I created Parliament. This is a meeting of representatives to advise him and to help him make laws. This gave a greater share in ruling England to the people. This broke down to 2 separate groups: House of Lords and House of Commons.
Hugh Capet Crowned King in 987. Created the Capetian dynasty.
Otto I Crowned in 936. He removed lords who wouldn't obey him and gave their estates to his family. He set up the Holy Roman Empire by winning northern Italian trading cities and saving the Pope from the nobles.
Joan of Arc 17 year old girl leads the English army at Orleans. Known as the Maid of Orleans. Later, she was tried as a witch and burned at stake.
John I When he began to ignore law and take more interest in French land, the nobles made him sign the magna carta. Died in 1216.
Venice and Flanders location and importance in the rise of trade Venice: coast of Italy. depended on sea for the living. Venice caused many exchanges, teaches merchants to read and write, how to bank. Flanders was along Europe Coast (now Belgium). Had a great wool industry. traded with English- international industry
What was a medieval city like? Cities and towns were very dirty because of the over-population. Disease spread, and there was little room for cleanliness. Rats were everywhere, which started the Black Death.
What was the purpose of medieval fairs and what activities took place? The purpose was so that nobles collected taxes, and merchants could buy and sell items. They had food, gestures, and entertainment there as well.
How did a charter help the people of a town? Charters allowed the townspeople to elect officials to run the towns, repaired streets, made hospitals, formed armies, conducted orphanages, and homes for the poor.
Created by: chathamm
 

 



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